The Secretary General urged to take into account Turkey’s concerns about Finland and Sweden in NATO

JJens Stoltenberg believes that the countries should be together “at this historic moment” and that it will be possible to reach a consensus. Finland and Sweden have decided to apply to NATO. Ankara refused to support the membership of these countries

Secretary General urged to take into account Turkey's concerns about Finland and Sweden in NATO

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg urged to take into account Turkey’s concerns about membership in the alliance of Finland and Sweden. He wrote about it on Twitter.

“I spoke with [Turkish] Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu about the decision of our closest partners Finland and Sweden to apply for NATO membership. Turkey is a valuable ally, and any security-related issues must be resolved. We must be together at this historic moment,” Stoltenberg said.

On May 15, at a joint press conference with German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock following an informal meeting of NATO foreign ministers, the Secretary General expressed confidence that the bloc would be able to find common ground with Ankara and reach consensus.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan refused to support the accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO, since these countries, according to Ankara, condone terrorist organizations and imposed sanctions against the republic. As reported by the Turkish TV channel TRT Haber, the Northern European states did not extradite to Turkey 33 members of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party and the Hizmet movement (FETO), recognized as terrorist in the country.

Finland and Sweden have decided to apply for NATO membership. Russian President Vladimir Putin, during a telephone conversation with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinisto, called it a mistake to abandon the traditional policy of military neutrality, since there are no threats to Finland’s security. Later, at the CSTO summit, he said that Russia “has no problems with these states”.;,Therefore, their membership in the alliance does not pose an immediate threat to Russia. However, Moscow will react “appropriately” in the event of the expansion of NATO’s military infrastructure on the territory of these countries, Putin warned. “And what it [reaction] will be, we will look based on the threats that will be created for us. That is, actually, problems are created out of the blue,” he said.

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Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto explained the reasons that prompted Helsinki to change its policy of non-entry into the blocs by military actions in Ukraine.

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Как скажется на ситуации на Украине вхождение Швеции и Финляндии в НАТО

Россия обещает дать ответ на официальные шаги Швеции и Финляндии по вступлению в НАТО. Однако Москва намерена сделать это не сразу, а после оценки угроз, возникших в результате увеличения ее границ с альянсом почти вдвое

Как скажется на ситуации на Украине вхождение Швеции и Финляндии в НАТО

Когда Финляндия и Швеция вступят в НАТО

Премьер-министр Швеции Магдалена Андерссон на пресс-конференции в понедельник, 16 мая, объявила, что правительство страны подавляющим числом голосов приняло решение вступить в НАТО. Соответствующую заявку Стокгольм будет подавать вместе с Хельсинки— Финляндия официально подтвердила свое намерение стать членом Североатлантического альянса в воскресенье, 15 мая.

«Мы сейчас живем в опасное время. России не понравится вступление Швеции и Финляндии в НАТО. И Швеция, и Финляндия должны быть готовы к трудным месяцам, мы говорим это не для того, чтобы создать беспокойство, а для того, чтобы привлечь внимание. Никто не может исключать, что грядут испытания, даже если они несерьезны»,— сказала Андерссон.

По оценкам Politico, для этих двух стран процесс вступления в НАТО от момента подачи заявки до ее одобрения может занять всего лишь несколько недель с учетом приближающегося саммита альянса, который пройдет в конце июня в Мадриде. Как поясняет издание, в отличие от стран Балтии, которым потребовались годы, чтобы начать соответствовать требованиям НАТО и преодолеть предубеждение ряда членов альянса, в альянсе давно существовал консенсус по Финляндии и Швеции. Дело в том, что у обеих стран репутация демократий, в которых соблюдается верховенство права, а уровень их военной и военно-технической подготовки будет способствовать усилению блока из 30 стран. Многолетнее сотрудничество Финляндии и Швеции с альянсом также подразумевает, что им не придется прилагать больших усилий для того, чтобы добиться совместимости своих вооруженных сил с силами НАТО.

Для Финляндии и Швеции вступление в НАТО будет означать, что в их отношении начнет действовать пятая статья Договора о коллективной обороне. В ней указано, что, если одно государство— член НАТО становится жертвой вооруженного нападения, все остальные участники альянса предпримут действия, которые сочтут необходимыми, чтобы помочь стране, подвергшейся нападению.

Для России это означает, что протяженность ее границы с НАТО увеличится более чем вдвое, преимущественно за счет Финляндии— длина границы с ней составляет 1300км.

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Вечером в понедельник, 16 мая, президент Турции Реджеп Тайип Эрдоган заявил, что не согласится на вступление в НАТО Финляндии и Швеции. «Мы не можем сказать да присоединению к НАТО тех, кто вводил санкции против Турции»,— процитировало Эрдогана Anadolu. Турецкий лидер подчеркнул, что приезд делегаций Финляндии и Швеции для обсуждения их членства не изменит позицию Анкары. Неделей ранее он заявлял, что Анкара не считает позитивной возможность вступления этих двух стран в НАТО, аргументируя свою позицию тем, что они служат «гостевым домом для террористических организаций», имея в виду запрещенную в Турции Рабочую партию Курдистана.

Как менялась риторика Москвы

В середине апреля заместитель председателя Совета безопасности Дмитрий Медведев писал в своем Telegram-канале, что в случае расширения НАТО за счет Швеции и Финляндии «ни о каком безъядерном статусе Балтики речь идти уже не сможет», и предрекал серьезное усиление группировки сухопутных сил и ПВО России, развертывание существенных военно-морских сил в акватории Финского залива. Также он утверждал, что «у России станет больше официально зарегистрированных противников».

12 мая пресс-секретарь президента Дмитрий Песков заявил журналистам, что вступление Финляндии в НАТО «безусловно» является угрозой для России. «Очередное расширение НАТО не делает наш континент более стабильным и безопасным»,— добавил он. В тотже день МИД России опубликовал заявление, в котором говорилось, что присоединение Финляндии к НАТО «нанесет серьезный ущерб двусторонним российско-финляндским отношениям, поддержанию стабильности и безопасности в североевропейском регионе». «Россия будет вынуждена предпринять ответные шаги как военно-технического, так и иного характера в целях купирования возникающих в связи с этим угроз ее национальной безопасности»,— говорилось в заявлении.

Однако 14 мая заместитель министра иностранных дел Александр Грушко заявил, что «пока рано говорить» о размещении Россией ядерного оружия в Балтийском регионе в случае вступления в НАТО Швеции и Финляндии. В тотже день состоялся телефонный разговор российского и финского президентов Владимира Путина и Саули Ниинистё. Согласно сообщению на сайте Кремля, Путин сказал Ниинистё, что решение Финляндии вступить в НАТО было ошибочным. В офисе финского президента, в свою очередь, указали, что Ниинистё сообщил Путину, что Хельсинки изменил позицию по вступлению в альянс после начала Россией специальной военной операции на Украине.

При этом Путин, выступая на саммите ОДКБ в понедельник, сказал, что вступление Финляндии и Швеции в НАТО не создает военной угрозы для России. «Что касается расширения, в том числе за счет новых членов альянса— Финляндии, Швеции: у России, хотелбы вас проинформировать, уважаемые коллеги, нет проблем с этими государствами, и поэтому в этом смысле непосредственной угрозы расширение за счет этих стран для России не создает, но расширение военной инфраструктуры на эту территорию, безусловно, вызовет нашу ответную реакцию. И какой она будет, мы будем смотреть, исходя из тех угроз, которые нам будут создаваться»,— пояснил он.

Можетли Москва ответить на решение Хельсинки и Стокгольма

Газета The Washington Post указывает, что изменение российской риторики может быть связано с тем, что у Москвы на данный момент нет ресурсов, чтобы ответить на действия Хельсинки и Стокгольма. «Россия отвела войска от границы с Финляндией, чтобы перенаправить их на Украину, в результате чего у Москвы значительно сократились возможности угрожать Финляндии в военном плане»,— утверждает издание. Также оно отмечает, что Россия поставляет в Финляндию небольшое количество газа и нефти, электроэнергии (не более 10% от потребностей), что позволяет Хельсинки проводить независимую внешнюю политику.

The Washington Post не исключает возможность кибератак и начала гибридной войны со стороны России с целью изменить общественное мнение в Финляндии, однако отмечает, что в Хельсинки достаточно ресурсов, чтобы противостоять подобным действиям. Газета также цитирует военного эксперта, финского генерал-майора в отставке Пекки Товери, который утверждает, что у России «нет политической, военной или экономической власти» над Финляндией.

Издание Politico и вовсе назвало «бахвальством» угрозы России разместить ядерное оружие в регионе Балтийского моря, указав на то, что оно уже размещено в Калининграде (Москва официально никогда не подтверждала размещение такого оружия), а также на то, что Россия уже развернула силы ядерного сдерживания на Кольском полуострове.

Программный директор клуба «Валдай» Иван Тимофеев в разговоре с РБК не согласился с тезисом об изменении риторики Москвы и отсутствии у нее ресурсов на ответные меры в связи с грядущим вступлением Финляндии и Швеции в НАТО. «Ябы не сказал, что риторика Москвы стала более миролюбивой. Вступление Финляндии и Швеции в НАТО воспринимается в Москве как угроза национальной безопасности. Правда, Москва не может остановить дрейф этих стран в НАТО. Он неизбежен на фоне событий на Украине. Другое дело, что врядли сейчас последует какая-то серьезная военная эскалация в Балтийском регионе в связи со вступлением этих стран в НАТО с одной стороны и концентрацией сил на Украине— с другой. Но в перспективе, конечно, это создает большие проблемы российской безопасности. Я думаю, что в Москве это прекрасно понимают»,— сказал Тимофеев.

Как расширение НАТО скажется на европейской системе безопасности

Профессор кафедры международной безопасности Бирмингемского университета Штефан Вольф в своей статье для The Conversation указывает, что попытка Путина коренным образом реструктуризовать европейский порядок безопасности и отношений с США и с НАТО посредством начала специальной военной операции на Украине сработала обратным образом и, в частности, привела к расширению альянса. По его мнению, отказ Хельсинки и Стокгольма от политики неприсоединения свидетельствует, что «нейтралитет как статус в международном праве и внешнеполитическая позиция больше не рассматриваются в качестве жизнеспособных способов для небольших стран быть вне зоны соперничества великих держав».

При этом изменения в европейской структуре безопасности не ограничатся расширением НАТО, прогнозирует Вольф. В качестве примера он приводит решение Украины, Грузии и Молдавии подать заявки на вступление в ЕС. Вольф считает, что на реализацию подобных решений могут уйти годы, однако они приведут к более серьезному расколу между Востоком и Западом. В таких условиях малым государствам придется выбирать чью-то сторону. Так, напоминает эксперт, Швейцария уже отошла от своего нейтралитета в вопросе введения санкций и синхронизировала свои антироссийские рестрикции с аналогичными мерами ЕС. Этимже путем идет Исландия.

Углубление раскола в Европе и отказ от нейтралитета как действенного подхода к национальной безопасности будут иметь влияние и на исход военной операции России на Украине. В частности, нейтральный статус для Украины, возможность которого Москва и Киев ранее обсуждали в ходе переговоров, станет нежизнеспособной идеей на фоне отказа Хельсинки и Стокгольма от такового в условиях, когда они не подверглись нападению. «Если нейтралитет не обсуждается, то пространство для переговоров между Россией и Украиной еще больше уменьшается, а вероятность того, что обе стороны будут стремиться к победе на поле боя, возрастает»,— резюмирует Вольф.

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The Kremlin planned to create a children’s movement on the anniversary of the pioneer

The authorities intend to create a new all-Russian movement of children and youth. The founders may be the Russian movement of schoolchildren, the project “Big Change” and regional children’s and youth movements

The Kremlin planned to create a children's movement on the anniversary of the pioneer

The Kremlin, Rosmolodezh and the Ministry of Education plan to create a new all-Russian movement of children and youth, two sources familiar with the discussion of the issue told RBC. Officially, the possibility of a new structure may become known on May 19. On this day, as expected, a corresponding bill will be submitted to the State Duma, one of the interlocutors of RBC said. Another source clarified that the bill may be introduced later, but the date of May 19 is also being discussed.

On May 13, the Moscow Komsomolets reported that the Kremlin decided to create an analogue of the Soviet pioneer, which will be announced on May 19. On this date, the Day of the Pioneer organization was celebrated in the USSR, which this year will be 100 years old.

The experience of the pioneer organization has indeed been studied, but it would be wrong to call the new organization an “analogue”, at least because, unlike the pioneer, membership in the new structure will not be mandatory, and the times are different now, emphasizes one of the sources familiar with the discussion of the issue of RBC.

The idea of creating a movement that unites all children was supported by Vladimir Putin at an April 20 meeting of the Supervisory Board of the ANO “Russia” country of opportunities. A schoolgirl from Sevastopol, Diana Krasovskaya, turned to him with an appropriate initiative. “As for the organization of the children’s movement, we have various directions, “Unarmia” is and so on, but as for the all-Russian movement, we need to think about it,” the president said.

A congress of children’s movements of Russia is scheduled for Children’s Day on June 1. It is expected to take place on the sidelines of the Festival of Childhood and Youth in Moscow, at VDNH. The participants of the congress can discuss the future movement and its name, which is not yet available, explains one of the interlocutors of RBC.

It is discussed that the new structure will be created on the basis of existing ones working in the children’s and youth direction: the Russian Movement of Schoolchildren, the Big Change project and a number of regional organizations. They can become co-founders of a new movement. Perhaps among the founders will be the movement “Unarmia”, created on the initiative of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in 2016.

Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the creation of a children’s and youth organization “Russian Movement of Schoolchildren” in 2015. The task was defined as “improving the state policy in the field of education of the younger generation, promoting the formation of personality on the basis of the system of values inherent in Russian society”.

The project for schoolchildren «Big Change» was launched in 2020 on the platform «Russia— country of opportunities». The first deputy head of the presidential administration, Sergey Kiriyenko, became the head of the Executive Council of the ANO “Big Change”. The project, Kiriyenko explained at the launch, consists of two contests for tenth graders and studentseighth—ninth grades. “Three hundred winners [tenth graders] receive 1 million rubles. on his education,” a Kremlin official said at the time. So many more winners from the eighth — ninth grades were entitled to 200 thousand rubles, which, according to Kiriyenko, was enough to pay for tuition at the commercial department in a secondary special educational institution.

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According to the interlocutor of RBC, Deputy head of Rosmolodezh Damir Fattakhov is considered as one of the main candidates for the post of leader of the movement. Before joining the department, he headed the Ministry of Youth Affairs of Tatarstan, was the head of the KVN team “Four Tatars”.

It is assumed that the new children and youth structure will cover both schoolchildren and students of secondary specialized educational institutions. Access to students of secondary specialized educational institutions is important, because children who leave school after the ninth grade study there, explains the interlocutor of RBC familiar with the discussion of the issue.

The Ministry of Education will be responsible for building the work of the new organization in schools, for work in secondary specialized educational institutions — Rosmolodezh. It is planned that the cells of the movement will appear both in schools and in secondary specialized educational institutions, the interlocutors of RBC say.

RBC sent requests to the Ministry of Education and Rosmolodezh.

One of the interlocutors of RBC explains the need to create a new movement with the task of educating patriotism, love for the Motherland and citizenship among children and adolescents. According to another source, the key reason is that now the state does not reach all children in its work with schoolchildren: [Therefore, we need to create an infrastructure for each child, a kind of navigator for childrenand parents from the point of view of the child’s realization, development, choice of profession in the future. This is an attempt by the state to systematize what has been done [in working with children] and create new opportunities.” We are talking, for example, about the participation of children and adolescents in various competitions, thematic shifts, sports competitions, etc., that is, about the possibility of implementation in various formats, says the interlocutor of RBC.

Recently, VTsIOM conducted a survey on the attitude of Russians to possible patriotic innovations in Russian schools – the introduction of a history lesson from the first grade, raising the flag and singing the anthem before the working week, etc. – and this survey revealed interesting trends, says political scientist Alexey Makarkin. «The youngerthe respondent, the more skeptical he is about patriotic education in schools. At the same time, there is a consensus in different age groups about whether the school should educate moral qualities,” the expert says. Among the youngest, 69% answered the corresponding question positively, among the elderly – 68%.

The survey shows that the topic of patriotic education causes more skepticism among young people, and, apparently, there is a desire to fix it, Makarkin believes. “It is impractical to do this through just one game of Lightning, but you can try through something else: the possibility of self-realization. Probably, patriotic education will trycombine it with the values of self-expression, the opportunity to gain additional knowledge, competencies,” the expert argues. Something similar existed in Soviet times, Makarkin recalls, although in a much more comprehensive format.

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The deputy minister in charge of the automotive industry in the Ministry of Industry and Trade resigned from his post

Alexander Morozov has held the position of Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade since July 2015, his place will be taken by the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Tatarstan Albert Karimov

The deputy minister in charge of the automotive industry in the Ministry of Industry and Trade resigned

Alexander Morozov

Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry Alexander Morozov, who oversaw the automotive industry, has been relieved of his post, it follows from the decree of the Russian government.

The document says that Morozov resigned in connection with the transition to another job.

His place will be taken by Deputy Prime Minister of Tatarstan, Head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the republic Albert Karimov, follows from another resolution approved by Mishustin, posted on the official information portal.

Alexander Morozov was appointed Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade in July 2015. Prior to that, he headed the Department of Transport and Special Engineering of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, held the position of Director of the Department of Demand Stimulation Programs of the State Corporation “Rosnanotech” and Head of the Department of Procurement and Support of leasing Contracts of JSC “State Transport Leasing Company”.

Albert Karimov has been the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Tatarstan since 2015. From 2004 to 2015, he was Director of Economics and Finance of JSC “Investment and Production Technopark”Idea”, from 2010 to 2015, he was Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC “Himgrad”. Awarded the honorary title of “Honored Economist of the Republic of Tatarstan” (2014)

and the Medal of the Republic of Tatarstan “For Valiant Labor” (2018).

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Since the beginning of the military operation in Ukraine, the Russian auto industry has begun to experience problems with many auto parts and components due to Western sanctions. In addition, many Western automakers have announced the suspension of activities in Russia.

Thus, Volvo has suspended deliveries of cars to the Russian market until further notice, “taking into account the potential risks and sanctions.” The German carmaker Volkswagen (combines Volkswagen, Skoda, Audi, Lamborghini, Bentley and Ducati brands) has temporarily suspended deliveries of cars to Russian dealers until further notice. General Motors also suspended the export of its cars to Russia, and Daimler Truck froze cooperation with Russian KAMAZ (the company owns 15% of the Russian manufacturer).

The head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov previously admitted that Russia may have to say goodbye to a number of foreign automakers forever. “We may have to say goodbye to someone, unfortunately, because we cannot wait indefinitely,” he warned. According to the minister, a non-functioning enterprise is non-payment of taxes and degradation of production. The head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade expressed hope that the parties will be able to come to a common decision by the end of March and the beginning of April.

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The European Union failed to agree on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia

REarlier, the head of EU diplomacy warned that sanctions may not be agreed due to the position of some countries on the oil embargo from Russia. He also clarified that he does not know how long it will take to approve the sixth package now

The European Union could not agree on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia

The foreign ministers of the 27 EU countries failed to agree on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. This was announced by the head of EU diplomacy Josep Borrel following a meeting of the EU Council in Brussels.

“Unfortunately, it was not possible to reach an agreement on the sixth package of sanctions today,” he said.

Borrel added that the foreign ministers of the EU countries did not discuss the possibility of paying compensation to the countries of the community for the imposition of sanctions against Russia. He also said that he did not know how many weeks it would take to agree on the sixth package of sanctions, including the oil embargo, against Russia.

Since the end of February, the European Union has imposed five packages of sanctions against Russia and is preparing a sixth. The measures must be approved by the EU Council. Plans to include an oil embargo in this set in early May were announced by the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. In addition, the sixth package of EU sanctions, according to her, will be aimed at high-ranking Russian military and other persons who have committed war crimes, disconnecting Sberbank and a number of other Russian major banks from the SWIFT international system, as well as a ban on broadcasting in the European Union for three major Russian state channels.

Borrel had previously warned that the sixth package of sanctions might not be agreed at the meeting on May 16, as some countries do not intend to change their position on limiting the import of Russian oil. Hungary, in particular, spoke out against the plans for an oil embargo: its authorities have repeatedly stated that they would not approve a package of sanctions if it included an embargo. Reuters wrote that Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic also expressed concerns about the ban at one of the meetings.

On May 8, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky called on the European Union to take a unified position, which the association does not currently have “in relation to some sanctions”.

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Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Vershinin said in March that Russia was not going to ask the West to lift sanctions. The authorities admit that there are difficulties due to restrictions, but at the same time they believe that they cannot be compared with the “terrible trials of the country in the twentieth century”. President Vladimir Putin warned the EU countries about the “intractable consequences” if sanctions pressure continues. In early May, he signed a decree on Russia’s new response to sanctions.

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Russia will withdraw from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference

Volodin: The State Duma Council decided to withdraw from the Parliamentary Conference of the Baltic Sea

Russia will withdraw from the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference

The State Duma Council has decided to withdraw Russia from the Parliamentary Conference of the Baltic Sea (PCBM), said the speaker of the lower house of Parliament Vyacheslav Volodin.

“Today, the Council of the Duma adopted a decision on the withdrawal of the Russian Federation from the Parliamentary Conference of the Baltic Sea (PCBM). Permanent members of the PCBM are the parliaments of Germany, Denmark, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Finland, Sweden and Estonia. There is no dialogue with the parliamentarians of most of these countries today either in the format of this organization or through inter-parliamentary channels,” he said.

According to him, the responsibility for breaking parliamentary ties lies with those who “undermine the basic principles of the conference and use it to attack Russia”. He noted that the conference “stopped real cooperation, and the participating countries forgot about the interests of their own citizens.”

“The once useful format of multilateral dialogue has been turned into an instrument of anti-Russian policy. This makes no sense for further interaction within the framework of the PCBM,” Volodin summed up.

The Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference was established in 1991 as a forum for political dialogue between parliamentarians from the Baltic Sea region.

In the BSPC consists of 11 States, including the Baltic States, Scandinavia, Poland, Germany, Iceland and Russia. The Conference is convened once a year at the invitation of one of the participating parliaments.

Russia’s relations with other countries — participants of the conference have worsened against the background of the military operation in Ukraine. The EU countries, which include most of the PCBM countries, have already imposed several packages of sanctions against Moscow. The restrictions also affected the top officials of the state, who are now banned from visiting the EU.

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In addition, against the background of the special operation, the confrontation between Russia and NATO has intensified: the alliance has already held several emergency meetings and announced an increase in troops on the eastern flank. Only Sweden and Finland are not members of the alliance, but their governments have already announced their intention to apply for NATO membership in the near future.

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Три страны пообещали помощь Финляндии и Швеции в случае нападения на них

Если Финляндия и Швеция подвергнутся нападению на своей территории до вступления в НАТО, Исландия, Норвегия и Дания помогут им «всеми необходимыми средствами»

Три страны пообещали помощь Финляндии и Швеции в случае нападения на них

Норвегия, Дания и Исландия заявили, что окажут помощь Финляндии и Швеции, если они станут объектами агрессии до вступления в НАТО. Совместное заявление размещено на сайте правительства Норвегии.

«Безопасность Финляндии и Швеции важна для нашей безопасности. Вместе с Данией и Исландией Норвегия готова оказать помощь своим скандинавским соседям всеми необходимыми средствами, если они станут жертвами агрессии на своей территории до получения членства в НАТО»,— заявил премьер-министр Норвегии Йонас Гар Стёре.

Он назвал происходящее «переломным моментом» в сотрудничестве североевропейских стран. По словам Стёре, гарантии безопасности, которые дают Норвегия, Дания и Исландия, имеют «четкий сигнал». «Мы сделаем все возможное, чтобы обеспечить быстрый процесс присоединения [Финляндии и Швеции к альянсу]. Я надеюсь, что Норвегия сможет очень быстро ратифицировать протоколы о вступлении Финляндии и Швеции в НАТО»,— добавил премьер.

Он подчеркнул, что обе страны имеют право продолжать процесс вступления в альянс «без каких-либо попыток вмешательства извне». Североевропейский регион не представляет ни для кого угрозы и будет стремиться жить в мире со своими соседями, отметил Стёре.

В воскресенье Швеция и Финляндия официально объявили о своем решении вступить в НАТО. В Хельсинки утверждали, что членство в альянсе укрепит безопасность страны и вступление Финляндии сделает НАТО сильнее. В Стокгольме, в свою очередь, говорили, что нейтралитет «сослужил хорошую службу» государству, однако в будущем такая политика не будет полезной. Там опасаются, что окажутся в уязвимом положении, если останутся вне альянса.

Россия заявляет, что членство Швеции и Финляндии в блоке и, как следствие, его расширение может создать угрозу безопасности региона. Замглавы МИДа Сергей Рябков утверждал, что общий уровень военной напряженности в этом случае возрастет, а предсказуемости станет меньше. «Никаких иллюзий о том, что мы будем с этим просто мириться, у них быть не должно, также как и в Брюсселе, Вашингтоне и других натовских столицах»,— подчеркивал он.

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Президент Владимир Путин назвал решение Финляндии о членстве в НАТО ошибкой, заявив, что никаких угроз безопасности страны не существует. «Такое изменение внешнеполитического курса страны может негативно сказаться на российско-финляндских отношениях, которые на протяжении многих лет выстраивались в духе добрососедства»,— предупредил он.

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The Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine announced the arrest of Friedman’s assets for $ 420 million

According to the Ukrainian Prosecutor General, the authorities arrested Friedman’s securities worth $420 million in the Ukrainian Alfa-Bank

The Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine announced the arrest of Friedman's assets for $420 million

Mikhail Fridman

Ukrainian authorities have arrested assets of Russian businessman Mikhail Fridman in the Ukrainian Alfa-Bank in the amount of UAH 12.4 billion (about $420 million). This was stated on Facebook (owned by Meta, which is recognized as extremist in Russia) by the Prosecutor General of Ukraine Irina Venediktova.

“The assets of the Russian oligarch Friedman in Alfa-Bank were arrested for more than UAH 12.4 billion,” she wrote.

Venediktova explained that the securities of Cypriot companies affiliated with the businessman, which were in bank accounts, were arrested.

RBC sent a request to Alfa-Bank.

Alfa-Bank Ukraine is a Ukrainian commercial bank with international capital, part of ABH Holdings SA (ABHH). Among the owners of ABHH are Mikhail Fridman, Herman Khan and Peter Aven. The bank is not a “daughter” of the Russian Alfa-Bank, there is no share of Russian state-owned banks in its capital.

After the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the National bank of the country transferred control over Alfa-Bank Ukraine to a special committee, depriving shareholders of the right to vote with their shares. At that time, plans were announced to rename Alfa-Bank Ukraine to Sense.

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Since the beginning of the special operation, sanctions against Friedman have been imposed by the European Union and the United Kingdom. After the restrictions, the Russian businessman left the boards of directors of Alfa-Bank, LetterOne, Veon, X5 Retail Group.

Friedman himself, who lives in the UK, compared life under sanctions to life under house arrest. He accused the authors of the sanctions of misunderstanding Russia: according to the entrepreneur, it is impossible to stop the special operation by pressure on business, businessmen cannot influence the president.

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In Russia, it was proposed not to execute the decisions of the ECHR issued since March 16

At the same time, the Prosecutor General’s Office will continue to pay compensation until January 1 according to the decisions of the ECHR made before March 16

In Russia, they proposed not to execute the decisions of the ECHR issued since March 16

A bill has been submitted to the State Duma, according to which Russia will not comply with the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) adopted after March 16, the database of the lower house of parliament shows.

The bill was prepared by deputies and senators from “United Russia” Pavel Krasheninnikov, Andrey Klishas, Daniil Bessarabov and Vladimir Poletaev.

This period is based on the date of the decision of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to terminate Russia’s membership in it.

“The draft federal law provides that until January 1, 2023. The Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation may pay monetary compensation to the applicant according to the rulings of the European Court of Human Rights issued before March 16,” the bill says.

It is proposed to exclude from the Administrative Code, the Civil Procedure and Arbitration Procedural Codes of Russia the provisions that the ECHR rulings serve as a basis for reviewing judicial acts that have entered into force on new or newly discovered circumstances.

The document also suggests amendments to the law “On the detention of suspects and accused of committing crimes”. “Proposals, statements and complaints sent by suspects and accused persons are no longer subject to censorship to the European Court of Human Rights, but to interstate bodies for the protection of human rights and freedoms in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation,” the bill says.

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On March 15, the Russian Foreign Ministry notified the Council of Europe of the decision to withdraw from the organization. The head of the Russian delegation to PACE, Pyotr Tolstoy, then said that Russia had left the Council of Europe of its own free will, the decision was “balanced and deliberate”. The next day, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe voted to exclude Russia. The ECHR stated that it would continue to consider allegations of rights violations by Russia that occurred before September 16, 2022.

In addition, Russia has announced its intention to denounce the European Convention on Human Rights. The country will cease to be a party to the document from September 16.

The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms is an international treaty to which the Russian Federation has acceded. Therefore, the provisions of the ECHR are binding on the Russian Federation until the end of the fulfillment of all obligations under the contract, whether she likes them or not. It is impossible to change these provisions by federal law,” lawyer Tatiana Glushkova told RBC. According to her, the parliamentarians actually cancel Article 46 of the convention, according to which all the decisions of the ECHR, in the case of Russia, made on the facts that happened before September 16, are binding.

As of April 30, slightly more than 72.5 thousand complaints were awaiting consideration in the ECHR— of which 18.2 thousand (25%) were from applicants from Russia.

“The revision mechanism is key for the convention to really work,” Glushkova noted. According to the lawyer, the ECHR ruling should make it possible to restore their rights and get recognition that the decision was unfair. If, in the case of compensation, the Prosecutor General’s Office can pay it until January 1, 2023 (but only according to resolutions issued before March 16), then changes to the codes come into force from the date of publication of the law.

“Applicants whose cases have not yet been resolved by the ECHR,” even if their complaint was filed many years ago, “will have to wait indefinitely for their cases to be executed,” Glushkova added.

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The Ministry of Defense announced the beginning of the evacuation of the wounded from Azovstal

They are being taken to the territory of the DPR in Novoazovsk, where they will receive medical assistance. A silence mode has been introduced in the Azovstal area

The Ministry of Defense announced the beginning of the evacuation of the wounded from

The Azovstal plant in Mariupol

The evacuation of wounded Ukrainian soldiers has begun from the territory of the Azovstal plant in Mariupol, the Russian Defense Ministry reported. They are taken along the humanitarian corridor to the Novoazovsk hospital in the Donetsk People’s Republic. A silence regime has been introduced in the area of the plant.

The evacuation began as a result of negotiations with representatives of the Ukrainian military blocked on the territory of the plant, the ministry said.

Alexander Khodakovsky, the commander of the battalion “East” of the Donetsk People’s Republic, had previously reported that the wounded soldiers were being carried out from “Azovstal” in Telegram.

RBC appealed for comments to the Commissioner for Human Rights Tatiana Moskalkova and the representative of the head of the DPR Denis Pushilin.

On Monday morning, ten soldiers with white flags left the territory of “Azovstal”. According to Khodakovsky, they asked for negotiations. “As it turned out, the group came out representing the interests of a more significant group that continues to be on Azovstal,” he explained.

Later, Khodakovsky said that ten soldiers who acted as negotiators and representatives of the DPR determined the routes for carrying out the wounded. After that, the Kiev-controlled forces blocked on the territory of the plant began clearing the rubble, they were not hindered, the commander of the “East” clarified.

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Turkey offered to evacuate the wounded Ukrainian military on its ships across the Black Sea to Istanbul. According to the press secretary of the Turkish President Ibrahim Kalyn, he discussed this proposal with President Vladimir Zelensky two weeks ago and it remains relevant, despite the fact that Moscow did not agree to it.

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported to President Vladimir Putin about the capture of Mariupol on April 21. At that time, Putin instructed to cancel the storming of the plant, where Kiev-controlled forces remained, but ordered it to be completely blocked.

After that, negotiations on the evacuation of blocked people on the territory of the plant intensified. The Ukrainian side reported that there are wounded and civilians on “Azovstal”, among others. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who visited Moscow at the end of April, said that Putin had agreed to participate in the evacuation of the UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

The evacuation of civilians began on May 5, and on May 7, the Ministry of Defense announced its completion. The DPR claimed that on May 7, 50 people were taken out of Azovstal, a total of 176 civilians had left the plant by that time.

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