WP learned about the warning of the CIA of Russia because of the “Havana syndrome”

GThe CIA’s lava stated that there would be “consequences” for Russia if it turned out that it was involved in the emergence of the “Havana syndrome” in American employees. Russia has previously denied such accusations

WP found out about the CIA's warning to Russia because of the

William Burns

The CIA warned Russia about the “consequences” if it turns out that it is involved in mysterious incidents with American diplomats around the world related to the so-called “Havana syndrome”, The Washington Post reports, citing sources.

According to the newspaper, this was discussed during the visit of CIA Director William Burns to Moscow in November, as well as his meetings with the leadership of the FSB and SVR. Burns said that causing serious brain damage to American employees and their family members is beyond the scope of “professional intelligence”.

The newspaper writes that Burns’ warning was not a direct accusation. The fact that the CIA director used the word “if” speaks to the inability of the authorities to determine exactly who is behind the attacks on US civil servants. Nevertheless, Burns’ direct warning indicates that Washington seriously suspects Moscow of involvement, The Washington Post clarifies.

Burns said back in July that Russia could be involved in attacks on American diplomats. However, then he refused to draw any conclusions, specifying only that we are talking about “a couple of hundred” cases of the manifestation of “Havana syndrome” since 2016.

Moscow rejected the accusations made against Russia. “The Russophobic propaganda machine continues to produce fakes,” Alexander Bikantov, deputy director of the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, said in early August.

For the first time, employees of the US diplomatic missions, the CIA and the military experienced strange symptoms in 2016 in Cuba and in 2017 in China. They complained of dizziness, noises in the head, a feeling of vibration, vision problems. Washington claimed that this could lead to memory loss and other health problems. Later such cases occurred in Austria, Germany, Serbia.

In December 2020, scientists from the US National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) suggested that the source of symptoms may be directed radio frequency radiation.

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FP learned about Biden’s attempts to avoid sanctions against Nord Stream 2

PThe US resident and his supporters are persuading congressmen to remove the amendments on sanctions against the pipeline from the defense budget. If they are accepted, Biden will be obliged to impose sanctions against Nord Stream 2 AG

FP learned about Biden's attempts to avoid sanctions against Nord Stream 2

US President Joe Biden is negotiating with congressmen, seeking to exclude amendments from the defense budget that involve sanctions against the Nord Stream-2 pipeline, Foreign Policy magazine reports.

Last week, Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and his aides called senators, urging them to remove amendments against companies involved in the project, the newspaper writes.

According to aides, in this way the administration tried to prevent the imposition of restrictions on German companies. One of them clarified that it is important for the United States not to “push away” Germany, which will prove to be an important ally if Russia invades Ukraine. Democrats also believe that the inclusion of amendments to the budget may significantly limit the ability of the executive branch to impose and extend sanctions, as well as create an unnecessary precedent.

According to one of the aides, the presence of amendments in the defense budget imposes on the Senate the need to submit standard reports every two months, which can “block” its work. “The consequences here will go far beyond [the restrictions for the Nord Stream-2],” he said.

At the same time, according to Foreign Policy, supporters of sanctions pressure on Nord Stream 2 believe that Biden is trying to justify his excessively soft approach to the Russian project in this way.

Amendments providing for sanctions against companies involved in the construction of Nord Stream-2 were proposed in early November by six Republican senators to the defense budget for fiscal year 2022.

If the innovations are legislated, it will oblige Biden to impose sanctions within 15 days against “any organization responsible for project planning, construction and operation of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline, as well as against the main shareholder of such a company.

In May, the United States included in the sanctions list two Russian companies and one institution associated with the construction of the gas pipeline, as well as 13 vessels. However, restrictions were not imposed on the construction operator Nord Stream 2 AG and its executive director Matthias Warnig.

Biden later stated that the gas pipeline was almost completed and the introduction of new sanctions would be “unproductive” for US-European relations.

In October, Politico reported that Biden is opposed to the idea of imposing additional sanctions and the White House will not take such measures while he remains president.

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The new ruling coalition of Germany decided to legalize cannabis

Under the leadership of the new coalition government, Germany may legalize the sale of marijuana to all adult citizens. Previously, only the sale of the drug for the seriously ill was approved in the country

The new ruling coalition of Germany decided to legalize cannabis

The coalition of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, the Greens and the Free Democratic Party, forming the new government of Germany, has come to an agreement on the legalization of cannabis (marijuana) in the country. This follows from the coalition agreement they published.

“We are introducing the controlled sale of cannabis to adults for consumption in licensed stores. This allows you to control the quality, prevents the appearance of dangerous substances in it and guarantees the protection of minors [from drug use],” the agreement says.

The parties agreed that in four years the coalition government will assess what social effect the adoption of such legislation has had. At the same time, mechanisms for drug testing and harm reduction from cannabis consumption should be expanded in Germany. The rules for the sale of alcohol, tobacco products and cannabis should be tightened, and the regulations adopted in this area should be based on the most recent scientific research and consistent with health protection measures.

The parties included in the coalition have separately previously expressed support for such initiatives. For example, the Social Democratic Party (SPD), as Handelsblatt notes, pointed out in its election manifesto that “bans and criminalization have not led to a reduction in [cannabis] consumption, they hinder the effective prevention of drug addiction and the protection of minors and divert huge resources of the judicial system and the police.”

According to the estimates of the University of Dusseldorf, cited by the German publication Focus, the annual consumption of cannabis in Germany is 400 tons. Economist Justus Haukap, head of the Duesseldorf Competition Institute, whose estimates are cited by Handelsblatt, believes that additional tax revenues from the legalization of cannabis in Germany and a direct tax on its sale may amount to 1.8 billion euros, more than a billion euros may be an increase in tax revenues for items indirectly related to this industry, for example, from sales tax.

In January 2017, the German Parliament has already decided to take marijuana seriously ill and suffering from incurable diseases. To resolve issues related to the medical use of the drug, the Parliament has created a special agency. It controls the cultivation, distribution and consumption of medicinal marijuana.Patients can buy marijuana at the pharmacy according to a doctor’s prescription. Patients will be able to compensate for the cost of buying marijuana for medicinal purposes at the expense of medical insurance.

According to experts of the UN International Narcotics Control Board, cannabis is the most common drug in Europe: it accounts for 38% of the entire drug market in the EU, which in 2013 was estimated at 24 billion euros.

In Russia, the legalization of cannabis is not provided for in the strategy of the state anti-drug policy until 2030.It states that about 200 thousand crimes related to drug trafficking are detected annually by law enforcement agencies. This is about 10% of all recorded crimes. Every year, more than 4.4 thousand people die from drug use in Russia.

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The first female Prime Minister of Sweden left the post after seven hours of work

Of the eight parties in the Swedish Parliament, only two have joined its coalition. But this coalition also collapsed a few hours later

Sweden's first female prime minister left office after seven hours of work

Magdalena Andersson

Today, for the first time, a woman was elected to the post of head of the Swedish government – the leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Workers’ Party and Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson. She left the post after seven hours due to the collapse of the Cabinet of Ministers associated with the decision of the Green Party to withdraw from the government coalition, Aftonbladet reports.

The resignation has already been approved by the Speaker of the Parliament. “Speaker Andreas Norlen received a request for dismissal from the post of Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and approved it. The speaker will contact the party leaders to discuss the situation and will give information about the ongoing process of [forming a government] on Thursday afternoon,” the parliament said in a statement.

This situation has become a continuation of the government crisis that has persisted in Sweden for about six months. It is connected with the balance of power in the country’s parliament (Riksdag), which approves the prime minister. The Social Democrat Party, led by Andersson, now holds less than a third of the seats (100) in the Riksdag, and the Green Party has only 16 votes out of 349. Nevertheless, the Swedish government was formed on the basis of a coalition of these two parties.

In accordance with the principles of government formation in Sweden, it is not necessary for the Prime Minister to receive a majority of votes in support for election:it is enough if the majority of members of parliament does not vote against it. At the vote held today, Andersson managed to achieve this result— members of her party and the Green Party voted for her in full. Two more factions of the Left Party and the Center Party abstained during the voting. This provided her with a ratio of votes, with 117 for, 57 abstained and 174 against, and, accordingly, the election of the head of government.

The split in the coalition government of the Greens and Social Democrats, led by Andersson, occurred due to the vote on the budget in parliament. The Greens did not support the proposed project and announced their withdrawal from the coalition, which, as noted by Aftonbladet, automatically means the resignation of the government. At the same time, the Greens have already stated that they will not object to the formation of a one-party government of the Social Democratsled by Andersson. If the balance of votes of other parties does not change, then even the votes of the Social Democrats, who occupy 100 out of 349 seats in the Riksdag, will be enough to re-approve Andersson as prime minister. “I told the speaker that I was still ready to become prime minister, but in a social democratic one-party government, she confirmed her intentions.

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Why Russia, China, Turkey and Hungary were not invited to the Summit of Democracies

WithThe SHA has published a list of 110 countries invited to the “Summit for Democracy”. Armenia and Ukraine received the invitation, but Hungary and Turkey, Russia and China did not receive it. What guided Washington in his choice, RBC understood

Why Russia, China, Turkey and Hungary were not invited to the summit of Democracies

Who was invited by the USA to discuss the problems of democracy

The US State Department has published a list of 110 countries whose leaders are invited to the “Summit for Democracy”. It will be held in virtual mode in Washington on December 9–10. The list of invitees includes liberal democracies, weaker democracies and several states that have authoritarian traits, the Foundation’s expert noted in his reportCarnegie Stephen Feldstein. 77 countries of the world are considered “free”, that is, fully democratic, according to the rating of the American non-governmental organization Freedom House for 2021, another 31 countries are “partially free”, according to the same rating, and three of the invited participants are headed by countries belonging to the group of “not free”.

Russia and China have not received invitations from permanent members of the UN Security Council. Hungary did not receive an invitation from the European Union countries, and Turkey did not receive an invitation from the US NATO allies. Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine received invitations from post-Soviet countries.

Why Russia and China were outraged by the list of participants

Moscow and Beijing criticized this choice of the United States. Moscow has a negative attitude to Washington’s plans to hold a “Summit for Democracy” and sees this as an attempt to draw new dividing lines, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said. Even before the list of countries participating in the summit was published, Moscow asked its allies to ignore it, a diplomatic source told RBC. However, for example, Armenia ignored this call— Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has already confirmed his participation in the forum.

After the second Karabakh war ended a year ago, the balance of power in the South Caucasus has changed – Baku has clearly become very close to Ankara, Russia has not had diplomatic relations with Georgia since 2008, so Yerevan remained the last ally country, political analyst Alexey Makarkin draws attention.

Beijing strongly opposed the invitation to the summit of Taiwan, which it considers Chinese territory (although China has no control over it). A week earlier, at talks with Chinese Leader Xi Jinping, US President Joe Biden expressed his commitment to the principle of “one China”, according to which official negotiations are possible only with representatives of Beijing. Taiwan’s invitation to the summit violates this principle, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said on Wednesday.

The Chinese and Russian authorities are very attentive to symbols and status in international relations, so their reaction to the summit was quite sharp, says Igor Zevelev, an expert at the Kennan Institute.

Why is the summit being held

The summit will demonstrate one of the unique strengths of democracy, the ability to recognize its shortcomings and confront them openly and transparently, will focus on the challenges and opportunities faced by democracies, and will provide leaders with a platform to announce both individual and collective commitments, reforms and initiatives to protect democracy and human rights in their countries and abroad, the State Department said in an official statement. It is planned that three key topics will be discussed: protection from authoritarianism, countering and combating corruption, and promoting respect for human rights.

In the foreign policy of any US administration, there are two components – a tough defense of national interests and the pursuit of geopolitical goals, that is, it is a policy in the spirit of political realism, in which at the same time, to a greater or lesser extent, there is a component of liberal values, which is expressed in international support for democracy and human rights, recalled Zevelev. International support for democracyand human rights in the United States is institutionalized in the form of the duties of the State Department to publish reports on the state of human rights in the world, the expert recalled. Biden began his presidential term in a very pragmatic way, firmly defending national interests, now he must balance this approach with rhetoric about democracy and human rights and their support on a global scale, explains the logic of the summit Zevelev.

The Democratic administration continues to make efforts to restore and strengthen relations with allies that were damaged during the presidency of Donald Trump, Makarkin adds. “When the Democrats came, their task first of all was to regain the trust of their allies, to show that America has not gone anywhere, it will not dissolve NATO and so on. We need to show that America remains a reliable ally and thatfor America, its traditional partners are significant. And it had to be put in some kind of ideological framework. And such a framework was the topic of support for world democracies,” the expert says. Makarkin also believes that the composition of the upcoming summit suggests that Washington has decided to abandon the export of democracies and wants to focus on strengthening them where they already exist.

Why the summit will be held without Turkey and Hungary

Eight of the invited countries are in low positions in the ratings of political freedoms. Feldstein assigned Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Kenya, Pakistan, Serbia and Zambia to this group. In four more countries, he notes, there is a rollback from democratic freedoms – these are Brazil, India, the Philippines and Poland. When compiling the list of participants, the regional dynamics in the Middle East was taken into account.democracy is Israel, Tunisia could have joined this country at the summit, but there was a coup there, and it would be politically wrong to invite only Israel, so Iraq was invited, an expert from the Carnegie Endowment describes the logic of the Biden administration. Strategic interests were also taken into account – Pakistan is important as an ally in the fight against international terrorism, the Philippines is important in the context of deterring China, and Ukraine is important for Russia, he continues.

Feldstein explains the non-disclosure of Hungary and Turkey both by trends in the political development of these countries and by the Biden administration’s unwillingness to show support for Viktor Orban and Recep Tayyip Erdogan shortly before the elections (in Hungary, elections will be held in 2022, in Turkey no later than 2023). At the same time, most experts do not expect any real results from the Summit for Democracy, especially since it will be held online and has rather symbolic significance, concludes Zevelev.

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The Social Democrats of Germany led the ruling coalition-“traffic light”

Inthe first ruling coalition in Germany will consist of three participants – according to the agreement on the creation of a new government, it will be headed by Social Democrat Olaf Scholz, the “Greens” and free Democrats will receive ministerial portfolios

The Social Democrats of Germany led the ruling coalition-

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), the Greens and the Free Democratic Party of Germany (FDP) on Wednesday, November 24, presented in Berlin a coalition agreement on the creation of a new government with SPD leader Olaf Scholz at the head. This coalition in Germany was named “traffic light”, according to the colors of the participating parties.

“The traffic light has started working,” Scholz said, noting that the three parties are united by the desire to make the country better (the broadcast of the speech was conducted on the website of Der Spiegel magazine). “The goal of the traffic light is not the search for the lowest common denominator, but the policy of big actions,” the future chancellor stressed. In addition to him, the SPD co-chairs Zaskia Esken and Norbert Walter-Borjans, the leaders of the Greens Annalena Berbock and Robert Habek, as well as the chairman of the FDP Christian Linder were on the stage.

The 177-page document presented by them on Wednesday was the result of negotiations between 22 working groups, which for a month and a half have been trying to bring the positions of the three political forces closer together on key issues of the internal and external agenda.

The agreement must first be approved by each of the parties, which, according to Scholz, will take ten days. This period is explained by the specifics of the procedure. If the SPD and the FDP plan to approve the agreement at the party congresses on December 4 and 5, then the Greens will need to conduct a voting procedure within the party.

According to Der Spiegel, Scholz can be sworn in as the new Chancellor of Germany until December 8, but not before the 6th.

According to the results of the parliamentary elections held in Germany on September 26, the SPD led by Vice Chancellor, Finance Minister Olaf Scholz was in first place with a result of 25.7%. The Christian Democratic Union (CDU), which was headed by Angela Merkel for many years, became the second, showing the worst result in history – 24.1% (The Christian Social Union (CSU), with which the CDU goes as a single bloc to the Bundestag, also showed its worst result in Bavaria).The Greens came third with 14.8%, followed by the FDP with 11.5%, the Alternative for Germany (ADG) with 10.3% and the Left with 4.9%. A few days later, the Social Democrats, the Greens and the Free Democrats announced their intention to create a ruling coalition, Traffic Light. For Germany, such a triple alliance will become a precedent. Before that, two parties traditionally stood at the head of the country.

Who will occupy key ministerial posts

According to Der Spiegel, the parties distributed ministerial posts as follows: the SPD got six portfolios, the Greens got five, the FDP got four. The distribution of ministerial portfolios largely copies the system that has developed during the country’s governance by the CDU/CSU and SPD alliance under Angela Merkel.

The Social Democrats, as the leading party, will be given the posts of Minister of Defense, Interior and Health. «Green» as number two— the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which will be headed by Annalena Berbock. The second co-chairman of the party, Robert Habek, will head the new Ministry of Climate and Economic Affairs. The Greens insisted on its creation. Presumably, it is Habek who will become vice-chancellor. This is indirectly evidenced by the fact that during the press conference Habekrepresented the priorities of the party in the new coalition. Since, according to German law, there cannot be two vice-chancellors in the government, this position will go to the Greens as the second largest political force in the new coalition. The FDP will leave the Ministries of Justice and Finance. It is expected that Christian Linder will head the Ministry of Finance. He called the receipt of this portfolio one of the main conditions for the entry of the FDP into the government.

What is said in the coalition agreement

According to the document (the coalition agreement is at the disposal of RBC), the three parties agreed on the following provisions of domestic and foreign policy.

  • To maintain a constructive dialogue with Russia, because bilateral relations between the countries are “deep and diverse,” and Russia is an important international player.
  • To help Ukraine in restoring its territorial integrity and demand an end to the illegal annexation of Crimea.
  • To increase the sanctions pressure on the President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko and support the opposition in this country.
  • Grant the Ministry of Defense the right to use drones.
  • By 2030, Germany should receive 80% of its electricity from renewable sources (previously, the benchmark was 65%).
  • Due to high energy prices, charges for CO2 emissions will not increase for fuel, fuel oil and gas.
  • The minimum wage in Germany will increase to €12 per hour.
  • The controlled distribution of cannabis among adults in licensed stores will be introduced to facilitate the control of its quality and the protection of minors.
  • The Law on Transsexuals, which defines the rules of transgender transition, will be replaced by the law on self-determination.
  • The term “race” will be excluded from the German Constitution, the third article will be supplemented with a provision prohibiting discrimination based on gender.

How will the new government deal with the pandemic

Before the announcement of the main agreements reached by the parties, Scholz presented new measures to combat coronavirus, which the future government intends to introduce in the country. “The situation is serious, the participants of the traffic light have agreed to take decisive steps to contain the pandemic. They must be carried out consistently,” he said. According to him, the new government intends to createpermanent anti-crisis headquarters at the Chancellor’s office in Berlin. However, this decision will need to be approved. Also, the three parties advocate the introduction of mandatory vaccination for workers in certain areas, primarily those who work with people at risk. In the future, this measure may be expanded. “Vaccination is the way out of the pandemic,” the future chancellor stressed.

Scholz also announced new payments to medical workers, who, according to him, bore the brunt of the fight against the pandemic. €1 billion will be allocated for this. Scholz expressed confidence that Germany will be able to defeat the fourth wave of coronavirus. “The new federal government will do everything necessary for our country to safely survive this time,” he stressed.

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The rector of MIPT said he was surprised by the US sanctions

Dmitry Livanov said that he was surprised by the decision of the US Department of Commerce to impose sanctions, since MIPT cooperates with various organizations both in Russia and in other countries of the world due to its high positions in academic rankings

The Rector of MIPT said he was surprised by the US sanctions

Dmitry Livanov

The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), thanks to its leading positions in the world academic rankings, cooperates with private and public companies in Russia and abroad. This was stated to RBC by the rector of MIPT Dmitry Livanov, commenting on the decision of the US Department of Commerce to add the university to the sanctions list.

“We are surprised by the decision of the US authorities,” he said. Livanov noted that the customers of fundamental research and applied developments of MIPT “are many commercial and state-owned companies both in Russia and around the world”.

Livanov expressed hope that the imposed sanctions will not prevent MIPT from cooperating in the academic field with universities and scientific institutes of the USA and the university will be able to continue to build fruitful cooperation with the world’s leading scientists and research centers for the benefit of the development of global science.

MIPT cooperates with the French institutes Grenoble Institute of Technology and École Polytechnique. MIPT has concluded agreements on double diplomas with educational institutions, including one-year study abroad.

RBC sent requests to École Polytechnique and Grenoble Institute of Technology.

The US Department of Commerce added the institute to the sanctions list on November 24, the department explained that the reason was the development of MIPT military products for a military customer.

Prior to that, Bauman Moscow State Technical University was indirectly sanctioned. In December 2020, as the newspaper Vedomosti reported, the university received an official letter from Microsoft’s official distributor, Softline, in which it was reported that due to new export restrictions against Russia, China and Venezuela, the company could not participate in tenders, since the technologies could be used for ultimate military purposes. At that time, it was explained in Baumanka that the university trains engineers-specialists of a wide profile who work, including for foreign companies.

In addition to MIPT, the list also includes companies from China and Pakistan, which the United States considers to be involved in the modernization of the People’s Army of China, as well as Pakistan’s nuclear program. The head of the ministry, Gina Raimondo, also explained that such a measure should prevent the transfer of American technologies to Moscow. “International trade should promote peace, prosperity and the creation of well-paid jobs, not security risks,” she added.

A number of companies from China and Pakistan included in the sanctions list are suspected by the US Department of Commerce of involvement in the modernization of the armed forces of the People’s Republic of China and the development of Pakistan’s nuclear program. Raimondo noted that Islamabad’s nuclear program is “unsafe”.

The American Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) published at the end of December 2020 rules on the basis of which export restrictions will be applied to a number of organizations from Russia that were previously recognized as “end military users”: for example, “Roscosmos” and “Rosatom”. The document assumed that the supply of certain goods and production technologies to the United States would become impossible for Russia.

The term “end military user” includes not only the armed forces, but also the national police, the guard, intelligence, as well as any person or organization whose actions are intended to support military use. This made it possible to recognize “end military users” of civilian manufacturers.

At the same time, one of the main consequences of inclusion in the list is the need for a license from the US Department of Commerce for supplies to organizations that are in the register. VIS will also follow the opt-out policy. Among the goods that fall under the restrictions are chemicals, generators for nuclear power plants, electronic devices, software, various equipment for ships, as well as for aircraft.

The press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov then expressed regret about the decision, calling it a “kick” for the already bad relations between the countries. “This is another hostile step towards Russia,” he appreciated.

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The Slovak authorities have introduced a two-week lockdown for all citizens

The country called the situation with hospitalization critical. The daily number of new cases of the disease has reached its maximum since the beginning of the pandemic

The Slovak authorities have introduced a two-week lockdown for all citizens

The Slovak authorities decided to introduce a two-week lockdown from November 25, including for vaccinated citizens. In Bratislava, this was explained by the high incidence in recent weeks, the critical situation with hospitalizations and the low level of vaccination, the Reuters news agency reports.

In accordance with the government’s decision, quarantine will affect all citizens of the country. In the coming days, all restaurants and non-food stores will be closed, some schoolchildren will study online. Churches will be closed, although local Catholics will still have the opportunity for confession. The authorities also urged citizens to refrain from traveling around the country, and businesses to switch to remote operation.

The head of the government, Eduard Heger, said that in ten days the authorities could ease restrictions for those who have been vaccinated or have already had the coronavirus. He emphasized the fact that the increase in morbidity is quite expensive for the state. «One hospitalization costs €1200, connection to a ventilator costs €12,000, and vaccination costs €40. Think about it»,— quotes the statement of the prime minister of the edition Noviny.sk .

The harsh measures in the Slovak Ministry of Health were explained, among other things, by the situation in hospitals. According to the representative of the department Susana Eliashova, 3,200 people have now been hospitalized, 82% of them have not been vaccinated.

In total, 2.6 million people have been vaccinated in Slovakia, that is, less than 50%.

In the last 24 hours alone, 10,315 cases of infection were registered in Slovakia, which was the highest figure for the entire time of the pandemic, 71 people died.

Earlier, similar measures were introduced by the Austrian authorities. They decided to introduce a strict 20-day general lockdown, which applies, among other things, to those who have been ill and vaccinated. According to Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg, restrictive measures for these categories of Austrians will be lifted no later than December 13 and the so-called 2G rule (geimpft und genesen) will come into effect in the country again.— RBC), according to which they are allowed access to public places by QR codes.

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The US has added MIPT to the sanctions list

The US Department of Commerce did not explain what exactly is blamed on the metropolitan institute

The USA has added MIPT to the sanctions list

The US Department of Commerce has added the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) to the sanctions list. This is stated in a message on the agency’s website.

The reason for the inclusion of MIPT in the list was called the development of military products for a military customer.

In addition to MIPT, the list also includes companies from China and Pakistan, which the United States considers involved in the modernization of the People’s Army of China, as well as Pakistan’s nuclear program.

“International trade should promote peace, prosperity and the creation of well-paid jobs, not security risks. Today’s decisions of the Ministry of Commerce should prevent the transfer of American technologies to China, Russia, and promote the development of Pakistan’s unsafe nuclear program,” said the head of the department, Gina Raimondo.

At the end of December last year, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) under the US Department of Commerce published rules according to which export restrictions will begin to apply to Russian organizations recognized as “end military users”. It followed from the document that the supply of certain goods and technologies produced by the United States to Russian structures would become practically impossible.

The US Department of Commerce believes that in Russia the defense and civilian industries are often integrated into conglomerates, such as, for example, the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) or Rosatom. Therefore, sometimes American technologies supplied to civilian consumers end up in the hands of defense industry organizations or law enforcement agencies, according to the US Department of Commerce.

The concept of an “end military user” is not only the armed forces, but also the national police, National Guard, intelligence services, as well as any person or organization whose actions or functions are intended to support the military use of the goods. It was on this basis that it became possible to call “the ultimate military user” of purely civilian manufacturers.

At the same time, in December, 45 Russian organizations were included in the BIS list. Among them are Irkut Corporation, part of the UAC, Rostec State Corporation, Russian Helicopters holding, part of the A.P. Alexandrov Research Institute of Technology and the N.L. Dukhov All-Russian Research Institute of Automation, a special flight detachment of Russia, VSMPO Corporation- Avisma» (a block package from Rostec »).

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Minsk accused Warsaw of firing machine guns at the border

PThe Belarusian side, in turn, reported three new attempts by refugees to cross the border with Belarus. The Border Guard of Poland claims that they are carried out under the supervision of Belarusian soldiers

Minsk accused Warsaw of firing machine guns at the border

Polish security forces tried to stop refugees trying to cross the border with pepper gas and automatic bursts. This was reported by the Border Committee of Belarus.

According to him, two migrants approached the barriers at the border on Tuesday to apply for refugee status. In response, the border guards sprayed pepper gas. Later, on Wednesday night, another group of migrants tried to cross the border with Poland. In response, the Polish security forces opened fire from machine guns. “To prevent possible provocations, this area was covered by Belarusian servicemen,” the message of the Belarusian border committee says. At the same time, the border guards did not specify where exactly the incident occurred and where the Polish security forces shot.

The Polish border guard said that migrants on Tuesday tried three times to break through the border from the territory of Belarus. About 100 people on the evening of November 23 tried to break through the border at the site in Dubich-Tserkevna, they threw stones at the border guards. A large number of migrants managed to cross the border illegally, but theirdetained and expelled from the territory of the country. Two Iraqi citizens were hospitalized. According to the border guard, attempts to break into Poland were “under the supervision of Belarusian soldiers”. Two more groups of migrants – 30 and 40 people each – tried to cross the border in Melnik, one border guard was injured.

The migration crisis on the border of Belarus with Poland has been going on for several months: refugees, mainly from the Middle East, are trying to enter Poland in order to then get asylum in EU countries. The situation escalated on November 8, when a large column of migrants moved towards the border with Poland. The Belarusian border guard stated that the refugees took this step because of the “indifference and inhumane attitude of the Polish authorities”, but did not explain where they came from in such numbers at the border.

On November 21, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki announced his intention to completely close the border with Belarus. So far, only one border crossing has been closed at the border — «Forge» («Bruzgi» from the Belarusian side »). As reported on Wednesday by RIA Novosti with reference to the representative of the Polish Border Guard Anna Michalska, the country is not going to open this checkpoint in the near future.

On Wednesday, RIA Novosti quoted Katarzyna Zdanovich, spokeswoman of the Podlaskie Commandant’s Office of the Polish Border Guard, as saying that there are no refugee camps directly near the Belarusian-Polish border line.

Lithuania and Latvia complain about the influx of migrants from the territory of Belarus, both countries have introduced a state of emergency due to the growing flow of refugees. Similar measures are in effect in Poland.

The EU accuses Belarus of using migrants for political purposes. The community countries have agreed on the fifth package of sanctions against the republic, they will be introduced in the near future. The list will include individuals and legal entities. As Reuters wrote, the restrictions will affect those whom the EU considers responsible for the emergence of the migration crisis, including Belarusian Foreign Minister Vladimir Makei. In early December, the United States also intends to impose sanctions against Belarus.

The Polish Prime Minister accused Russia of involvement in the crisis on the Belarusian-Polish border. Acting German Chancellor Angela Merkel, in a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin, urged him to influence Minsk. Russia’s involvement in the migration crisis was previously denied by Putin and the official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maria Zakharova.

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Источник rbc.ru