The court in Amsterdam decided to transfer the Crimean “Scythian gold” to Ukraine

The court ruled that the “Scythian gold” from the collection of Crimean museums should be transferred to Ukraine. The museum called this decision “legalized theft”, and Zelensky promised to return “Crimea” after the return of the exhibits

The court in Amsterdam decided to transfer the Crimean

The Court of Appeal in Amsterdam ruled that “Scythian gold” from the Crimea belongs to Ukraine and decided to transfer it to Kiev, reports Reuters.

“Scythian gold” is a collection of 2 thousand objects, which the Crimean museums in February 2014 transferred to the Allad Pierson Museum in the Netherlands for an exhibition. After the entry of Crimea into Russia, which occurred in March of that year, Ukraine claimed the rights to the exhibits.

The court decided to transfer the collection to Kiev until the situation in Crimea stabilizes, the decision says. It also notes that Russia can appeal the decision to the Supreme Court of the Netherlands. Until that time, the exhibits will not be transferred to Ukraine.

RBC sent a request to the Ministry of Culture and the director of the East Crimean Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve Tatiana Umrikhina.

Before the court’s decision, the Kremlin reported that they were monitoring the fate of the Scythian gold, the correspondent of RBC reports. “This is mainly done by our lawyers and the Ministry of Culture. But the topic is important, of course, we are following,” said presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov. He later refused to comment on the court’s decision, RIA Novosti reports.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, in turn, called the court’s decision a “long-awaited victory”. “I am grateful to the court for a fair decision. We always get our own back. First we will return the Scythian gold, and then the Crimea, he said.

In the Central Museum of Taurida, the court’s decision was criticized, while noting that it did not become unexpected. According to the director of the museum Andrey Malgin, there is a “legalized theft” in which the Ukrainian side “steals” part of the cultural heritage from the Crimea, calling it a return”.

“We are particularly outraged by the double standards of our European partners, who, with one hand, give away the cultural heritage that they once stole in Africa and Asia, on the other hand, award the cultural heritage of the peoples of Crimea that does not belong to Ukraine in any way, declaring it a fair decision. I have the nastiest impression of all this action, inside of which we have been cooking for the last seven years,” Malgin told RBC. He added that while the museums are waiting for the advice of their lawyers.

Alexander Molokhov, deputy Head of the working group on international legal issues at the Permanent Mission of Crimea to the President of Russia, also criticized the court’s decision, calling it politicized. “I hope that in the very near future a cassation appeal will be filed with the Supreme Court of the Netherlands, and the execution of this decision will be suspended,” he told Interfax.

Crimean museums demanded that the Dutch Allard Pierson Museum return the exhibits to the peninsula. In December 2016, the Amsterdam District Court ruled that “Scythian gold” belongs to Ukraine and should be transferred to Kiev. Crimean museums have filed an appeal, the final decision has been postponed several times.

Among the exhibits are a golden Scythian helmet, a sword and a scabbard for it, a painted altar from the burial of the Scythian king Skilur in the mausoleum of Scythian Naples in Simferopol, a statue of the snake-footed goddess of the Scythians, as well as Chinese lacquer boxes from the Ust-Alminsky burial ground, jewelry and other items. In 2017, the approximate estimated insurance value of “Scythian gold” was about “euro;2 million, said the Minister of Culture of Crimea Arina Novoselskaya. According to her, the real value of the exhibits is much higher.

“Such a loss is equivalent to the loss of Copenhagen sculpture “The Little Mermaid” by Edward Eriksen or Amsterdam painting “Night Watch” by Rembrandt. Together with these objects, we may lose not only objects of world significance, but also the archaeological heritage that forms the basis of the cultural code of our people,” the joint statement of the Crimean museums said.

They repeatedly asked for the return of the exhibits, which “turned out to be hostages of the political situation”, and stressed that “the loss of archaeological finds will not only impoverish the collection, but will also complicate, and in many ways make impossible, the further scientific work of historians and archaeologists”.

The Kremlin also stated that they want to return the “Scythian gold”. “The question is very complicated. But, of course, we want to see the return home of these exhibits,” Peskov said.

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Saudi intelligence officer said about the “poisoned ring” from Russia from the prince

One of the former heads of Saudi Arabia’s intelligence, who fled to Canada, said that Crown Prince bin Salman claimed a “poison ring” from Russia, with which he could kill the king. “Either he was bragging, or…,” the scout claims

A Saudi intelligence officer announced a

Mohammed bin Salman

A former senior Saudi intelligence official, Saad Aljabri, said that Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman discussed the murder of King Abdullah in 2014 with the help of a poisoned ring from Russia. The statement was made in an interview with CBS News, in which Aljabri, who fled to Canada, asked for help and protection for himself and his family from the American special services.

Aljabri was “number two in Saudi intelligence,” and “one of America’s best friends in the fight against terrorism,” the newspaper notes. “I’m here to raise the alarm about a psychopath, a killer in the Middle East with endless resources, who poses a threat to his people, to Americans and to the planet,” he said in an interview.

Aljabri said that he knows about two videos of a meeting between Prince bin Salman and the then head of intelligence Mohammed bin Naif, which took place in 2014. According to the intelligence officer, at this meeting, the prince told Naif that he could kill the current King Abdullah to free up the throne for his father. “I have a ring with poison from Russia. I just have to shake his hand and he will be finished,” Aljabri quotes Prince bin Salman as saying.

“If he’s just showing off, then… but he said it, and we took this information seriously,” Aljabri added.

King Abdullah died in January 2015 at the age of 91. The throne passed to his half-brother Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the father of Mohammed bin Salman. The 57-year-old nephew of King Mohammed bin Nayef, who also served as Deputy Prime Minister and Interior Minister, was declared heir to the throne. Naif was the boss and patron of Aljabri.

However, in June 2017, there was a “soft coup” the king appointed his son, 31-year-old Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud, as heir to the throne. In addition to receiving the title of heir, bin Salman took the post of deputy prime minister, retaining the post of defense minister and the curatorship of the economic bloc in the government.

Since 2015, the title of heir has been held by the king’s nephew, 57-year-old Mohammed bin Nayef, who also served as Deputy Prime Minister and Interior Minister. He was released from all posts.

The material is supplemented

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The President of South Korea, who established diplomatic relations with the USSR, has died

Roh Dae-woo died in hospital at the age of 88. The exact cause of death is not reported

The president of South Korea who established diplomatic relations with the USSR died

Ro De Wu (right) and Mikhail Gorbachev

Former South Korean President Roh Dae-woo has died, Yonhap reports. He led the country from 1988 to 1993. During his reign, South Korea established diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.

Roh Dae-woo was born in 1932, participated in the Korean War of 1950–1953, was a career army officer. While still at school, he became friends with Jung Doo-hwan, who led the country in 1980–1988. Ro and Jeong graduated from the Korean Military Academy together in 1955, and in 1979 Ro Dae-woo received the rank of general.

In October 1979, President Park Chung-hee, who was carrying out economic reforms, was assassinated, and in December, Chong and some other officers carried out a coup d’etat. Ro, who was a high-ranking commander at the time, gave them decisive support and became a member of the Jung Doo Hwan-led junta. Chong became president in August 1980.

In 1981, Roh retired from military service and later held a number of ministerial posts, including Minister of Political Affairs (1981), Sports (1982) and Internal Affairs (1982). As head of the Seoul Olympic Organizing Committee from 1983 to 1986, he oversaw South Korea’s preparations for the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul.

Roh Dae-woo won the 1987 presidential election and began his five-year term as president on February 25, 1988.

As president, Roh took a course to democratize South Korean politics. His Government established and strengthened diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and China, achieved the admission of South Korea (1991) to the United Nations and signed a non-aggression agreement (1991) with North Korea.

In February 1993, Roh Dae-woo was succeeded as president by Kim Yong-sam, whose subsequent anti-corruption reforms were directed against Roh and Jong.

In October 1995, Roh publicly apologized for having illegally accumulated hundreds of millions of dollars during his presidency. He was charged and tried for corruption, as well as for rebellion and sedition, and for participating in the 1979 coup.

In August 1996, Roh Dae-woo was found guilty on all charges, he was sentenced to 22.5 years in prison, later the term was reduced to 17 years with a fine of more than $ 300 million. Jung Doo-hwan was also charged with multiple crimes and sentenced to death, but then the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.

In 1997, Roh Dae-woo and Jung Doo-hwan were pardoned by the decision of President Kim Dae-jung and released from prison.

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A super-application will be created for officials because of the risk of sanctions

Mincifra announced a tender for a super-application for officials for almost 500 million rubles. It will be created to “increase information security and independence from sanctions risks.” Superapplication will combine a number of services

A super-application will be created for officials due to the risk of sanctions

The Ministry of Finance has placed an auction on the public procurement portal to create a super-application for officials. The first to pay attention to the tender was “Kommersant”. The application was published on October 22, the results of the tender will be announced in November. The price of the lot is 487.7 million rubles.

The superapplication will combine a messenger, audio and video conferencing tools, a service for working with tasks and assignments, cloud storage, an internal portal, work with office documents and antivirus software, Konstantin Gurzov, director of the Department of Cloud Services Development and Data Management of the Ministry of Finance, told the publication. According to him, officials will be able to install superapplications on personal devices, taking into account information security requirements, as well as use it through a browser.

So far, the declared system is designed for 100 thousand users. It is being developed to “increase information security and independence from sanctions risks,” the terms of reference say.

The first working prototype of the superapplication is planned to be launched by the end of 2022, the Ministry of Finance told the publication. It will work at the department itself, at Rosstat, the Pension Fund, the Ministry of Economic Development and the courier service.

However, the application will work basically on old hardware: the hardware part of the system will be finalized later to avoid unnecessary costs, Gurzov said. According to the source of the publication, more than half of the departments (54%) are still using Microsoft Exchange Server software, but “due to sanctions, the state is moving away from foreign solutions towards open source solutions or domestic technologies.”

In August, Kommersant reported that the Russian authorities plan to transfer all civil servants and employees of budget organizations to Russian messengers and other IT services by 2022. As explained in the Ministry of Finance, the new measure will be needed to protect the data and ensure that there will be no unauthorized access to them.

So far, communication is mainly in free cloud services, including foreign ones, which are not able to properly protect the transmitted data, the department noted. In addition, there is a risk that due to sanctions, state organizations will not be able to use foreign services, the Ministry of Finance added. In particular, the ministry recalled the case of Bauman Moscow State Technical University, when Microsoft refused to sell software to the university. The company was afraid of restrictions from the United States, as the university trains specialists for the defense industry.

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Erdogan changed his mind about expelling ten ambassadors after their new statement

RAnya heads of diplomatic missions demanded the release of a Turkish businessman and activist from prison. In response, Erdogan instructed to declare them persona non grata. Today, the ambassadors assured that they will not interfere in Turkey’s affairs

Erdogan changed his mind about expelling ten ambassadors after their new statement

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

The ambassadors of ten countries in Turkey made a new statement and announced their commitment to the article of the Vienna Convention, which obliges them not to interfere in the internal affairs of the state. After that, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan considered that the diplomats had thus “taken a step back” and would continue to be more careful in their statements. Earlier, the heads of diplomatic missions demanded that the Turkish authorities release businessman Osman Kavala, who is being held in prison, believing that he is being held there for political reasons. This provoked a diplomatic scandal.

The new statement of the head of ten diplomatic missions in Turkey was posted on Twitter. In it, they stated that they were acting in accordance with article 41 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. It states that diplomatic staff are “obliged to respect the laws and regulations of the host State.”

“They are also obliged not to interfere in the internal affairs of this state,” the convention says.

Ten embassies participated in the demarche: USA, Germany, France, Canada, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, New Zealand and the Netherlands.

In response to the new message from the ambassadors, Erdogan said that they “learned a lesson”. “We believe that these ambassadors, who have fulfilled their obligations under article 41 of the Vienna Convention, will now be more careful in their statements,” the president said (quoted by Daily Sabah).

In his opinion, this shows that the heads of diplomatic missions “took a step back from slandering our country”. The President added that anyone who “does not respect the independence” of Turkey cannot stay in the country.

“The Turkish judicial system does not accept orders from anyone. It was my duty as the head of state to give an appropriate response to this disrespect towards our judges,” Erdogan continued.

The scandal broke out after on Monday, October 18, the ambassadors of ten countries published an appeal to the Turkish authorities. They demanded the immediate release of businessman and activist Osman Kavala, who has been in prison since 2017. He was charged with protests against the reconstruction of Gezi Park in 2013 and an attempted coup in 2016. During the trial, some charges were dropped from Kavala, others were brought, but the court did not make any decision on his case.

“The ongoing delays in the judicial process, including by combining various cases and creating new ones after the previous acquittal, cast a shadow on respect for democracy, the rule of law and transparency of the Turkish judicial system,” the ambassadors said.

After that, Erdogan instructed the Foreign Ministry to declare the diplomats persona non grata as soon as possible. The President stated that the ambassadors should “either understand Turkey or leave the country.”

The US State Department then demanded an explanation from Ankara.

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The Ministry of Defense announced the rescue of a cargo ship by Russian sailors from pirates

Russian sailors on duty in the Gulf of Guinea received a distress signal from a Panamanian vessel. They raised a military helicopter, at the sight of which the pirates who tried to seize the ship escaped

The Ministry of Defense announced the rescue of a cargo ship by Russian sailors from pirates

A boat with pirates leaves “Lucia”

Russian sailors prevented the seizure of a Panamanian container ship by pirates in the Gulf of Guinea off the west coast of Africa, the Ministry of Defense said in a statement (RBC has it).

According to the agency, the crew of the large anti-submarine ship “Vice Admiral Kulakov” received a distress signal from the bulk carrier “Lucia”, which flies the flag of Panama. The ship was sailing from Togo to Cameroon. The crew of the “Lucia” reported that it was attempted to be captured by unknown armed men who approached the vessel on a “fast boat”. After giving a distress signal, the crew of the container ship, according to the instructions, took refuge in the engine room.

“A Ka-27PS helicopter with a marine unit was immediately lifted from the Russian ship, which immediately headed to the area of the incident. When a military helicopter approached, the pirates left the ship, boarded a high-speed boat and headed towards the shore at full speed, the Russian defense ministry said in a statement.

Later, an anti-terror group moved from “Vice Admiral Kulakov” to “Lucia”, which released the crew and inspected the ship.

“Vice Admiral Kulakov” is part of a detachment of Russian warships that has been operating in the Gulf of Guinea for three weeks. The detachment ensures the safety of civil navigation by monitoring the surface situation with the help of carrier-based aviation.

Over the past year, pirates have repeatedly seized ships in the Gulf of Guinea. So, in December 2020, they attacked the tanker Agisilaos and kidnapped four crew members, including a Russian. The sailors were released in early January.

At the end of January, the cargo ship Mozart, flying the flag of Liberia, was seized off the coast of Nigeria. The pirates also took 15 sailors hostage. They were released in February.

In May, pirates attacked the fishing vessel Atlantic Princess, which flies the flag of Ghana. They captured five crew members, including a Russian. They were released in July.

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Former Bush aide assessed the chances of a new meeting between Putin and Biden

The second meeting of the presidents of Russia and the United States may take place in the not so distant future, managing director of the consulting company Kissinger Associates Thomas Graham told RBCFormer Bush aide estimated the chances of a new meeting between Putin and Biden

Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin

Prepared Nuland summit of Russia and the USA

Russian President Vladimir Putin and American leader Joe Biden can always talk to each other, there are opportunities for such a meeting in the future, according to Thomas Graham, adviser to President George W. Bush on Russia, managing director of the consulting company Kissinger Associates.

In a conversation with RBC, he noted that this could be both a full-fledged summit, like the one that took place earlier in Geneva, and negotiations on the sidelines of international events. Graham recalled that following the results of the summit in Geneva, Biden proposed in six months or a year to assess the implementation by the parties of the agreements that the leaders agreed upon during the negotiations.

“It’s been almost six months since Geneva, so I think the two presidents will probably talk to exchange views on what has been done, what is positive and what should be changed to improve the interaction between our two countries. I do not know if Victoria Nuland came specifically to prepare for the second meeting, but I am absolutely sure that the second meeting of our presidents will not take place in the distant future,” Graham said.

US Deputy Secretary of State Victoria Nuland paid a three-day visit to Moscow on October 10–13. The last time she was in the Russian capital was in 2016 as Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs. The trip planned for 2019 did not take place because Nuland was on the blacklist of persons who are banned from entering the country. It was possible to exclude the diplomat from it only in exchange for an American visa for the acting deputy director of the Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Nonproliferation and Arms Control Konstantin Vorontsov. He has not been able to attend the UN General Assembly in New York since 2019.

In three days in Moscow, Nuland managed to hold meetings with Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov and in the Kremlin, where she was received by Presidential aide for Foreign Policy Yuri Ushakov and Deputy head of the presidential Administration Dmitry Kozak, who oversees the Ukrainian settlement.

Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council Andrey Kortunov, in a conversation with RBC, suggested that the purpose of Nuland’s visit to Moscow was to assess whether there were conditions for holding the second summit of the leaders of Russia and the United States.

“I don’t work for the government, so I don’t know exactly why it decided to send her to Moscow. It is clear that Victoria Nuland remains a key person in carrying out our policy in the Russian direction. It is very important for her to have contacts with Russian officials and initiate discussions on a wide range of issues on the US-Russian agenda, establish working relations so that this process can continue. As I said, it was not a surprise to me that there were no loud statements (following the results of the visit.—RBC) or breakthroughs— the questions are too complicated. I think the result was an agreement to maintain the dialogue and to be professional about its promotion,” Graham said.

On October 24, presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said in an interview with Russia 1 TV channel that the Kremlin considers a new meeting between Putin and Biden necessary, but it is not yet possible to say exactly in what format it will be and when.

Strategic stability was given five years

One of the outcomes of the meeting of the Presidents of Russia and the United States in Geneva was an agreement to resume consultations on strategic stability. Since that moment, several rounds of negotiations have already taken place, the last of them was held on September 30 in Geneva. The Russian delegation was headed by Ryabkov, and his American counterpart was US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman. Following the meeting, the parties agreed to form two expert working groups: on the principles and objectives of future arms control and on capabilities and actions that can have a strategic effect. The delegations also agreed to hold a third round of negotiations.

“Strategic stability is a very difficult issue at the moment. The global environment is not bipolar in the strategic way it was 10, 20, 30 or 40 years ago, when the Soviet Union and the United States first developed a bilateral arms control regime. There are other nuclear forces, first of all China. There are various types of conventional weapons that also have strategicmeaning. Other developments in cyberspace and in space have a greater impact on strategic stability than we think. So this is a serious, detailed conversation that needs to be held. This is not something that can be solved in one or two sessions. It is important to make tangible progress in the negotiations in order to continue to create working groups on specific issues,” Graham said.

According to him, it is important for the parties to reach, if not agreements, then at least understanding on specific issues. The expert recalled that Russia and the United States extended the Treaty on Measures for Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START III) for five years. “Agreements (on strategic stability.—RBC) must be achieved within these five years, or we will lose the basis of strategic stability. So we don’t have much time, we need to think about a new environment and new approaches to strategic stability in order to promote it around the world,” Graham concluded.

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The acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations canceled Zinichev’s order on the liquidation of the Centrospas detachment

Shortly before his death, the ex-head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations Yevgeny Zinichev signed an order to liquidate the detachment. The Ministry of Emergency Situations wanted to transform it into another structure with the expansion of the staff. However, many of the squad’s employees were dismissed or left on their own, TASS reports

The acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations canceled Zinichev's order on the liquidation of the

Rescuers of the “Centrospas” squad in Beirut

The acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Alexander Chupriyan, canceled the order of the previous head of the Ministry, Yevgeny Zinichev, on the liquidation of the advanced detachment of the Ministry of Emergency Situations “Centrospas”. This is reported by TASS with reference to a source in the squad, as well as REN TV with reference to several sources familiar with the situation.

“The acting minister signed an order to cancel the previous order on the liquidation of the Centrospas detachment,” the agency interlocutor said.

According to one of the sources of the TV channel, in the coming days there will be a meeting of the dismissed employees of “Centrospas” with the current leadership of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, including Chupriyan and his deputies Viktor Yatsutsenko and Andrei Gurovich.

According to REN TV, on the eve of the meeting, the head of “Centrospas” Evgeny Linitsev went on vacation.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.

As reported by TASS in mid-August, referring to the press service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, by the end of 2021, the agency planned to reorganize the FGKU “State Central Airmobile Rescue Squad of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia “Centrospas”. The agency wrote that in the order of the Ministry of Emergency Situations signed by Zinichev (died in early September), it was said about the liquidation of the detachment andits transformation into the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Central Airmobile Rescue Squad of the EMERCOM of Russia”, which will include the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Southern Equestrian and Canine Rescue Center of the EMERCOM of Russia” as a structural unit with all functions and tasks. He also had to receive court obligations, debts and property of “Centrospas”, claimed TASS.

The Ministry of Emergency Situations then assured that the staff of the detachment would be expanded, and all current employees would retain their positions. Moreover, as stated in the department, new units will appear in the detachment and the range of tasks will be expanded. “Such innovations are due to the introduction and improvement of the system of international response standards and, in general, the system of response to federal and international emergencies, as well as the development of rescue technologies,” the Ministry of Emergency Situations explained.

However, according to TASS, many workers, including international-class rescuers, who worked in the “Centrospace” for decades, said they were fired. Another part of the employees wrote statements of their own volition, not agreeing with the changes being carried out in the squad. It was planned that the liquidation of the detachment would be completed by January 1, 2022.

The Centrospas detachment was founded in 1992 and became the first detachment of the State Committee for Emergency Situations, which was transformed into the Ministry of Emergency Situations in 1994. During this time, the forces of the detachment in Russia and abroad rescued about 11 thousand people, assisted more than 42 thousand victims. The squad includes an airmobile hospital, included in 2016 in the top three of the global register of emergency medical teams created by the World Health Organization.

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The Ministry of Defense reported an attempt to undermine the Russian military in Syria

The explosive device went off in front of the lead car of the Russian military police convoy, none of the servicemen were injured

The Ministry of Defense reported an attempt to undermine the Russian military in Syria

In Syria, an improvised explosive device (IED) detonated in front of a patrol of the Russian military police, Vadim Kulit, deputy head of the Center for Reconciliation of the Warring Parties, said at a briefing, according to a message from the Ministry of Defense received by RBC.

The Russian military were not injured. The incident occurred in Daraa province, near the settlement of Umm al-Maaten, while patrolling the M-5 highway. The IED went off in front of the lead car of the column.

Reports that Russian military vehicles were blown up by explosive devices in Syria are received periodically, some of these incidents end in deaths. So, in early June, a Russian soldier was killed when an armored car was blown up. In total, at least 120 people were killed during Russia’s military campaign in Syria (data from March 2021).

Kulit also said that in Idlib province, one Syrian soldier was killed and another was wounded during mortar attacks by terrorists. In the neighboring province of Aleppo, two Syrian army soldiers were wounded as a result of shelling.

The day before, the Central Air Force reported the death of another Syrian serviceman during shelling in Latakia province. The shelling was carried out by “militants of illegal armed formations”.

In some areas of Syria, government forces are still clashing with militants. At the end of September, in the province of Aleppo, a group of militants tried to move from the territory controlled by the Turkish forces to the territory where the Syrian military was located. During the breakthrough, five militants were killed. blown up by mines, at least ten were injured. Five servicemen were injured by the Syrian army.

In mid-September, President Vladimir Putin stated that pockets of resistance remain in Syria, nevertheless, 90% of the territory is under government control. He spoke about this during the unannounced visit of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to Moscow.

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LDPR ahead of United Russia in spending on State Duma elections

PThe political parties have reported to the CEC on election expenses. The LDPR spent the most money on the Duma campaign — almost 81 million rubles more than United Russia, which took second place in expenses

LDPR ahead of

How much did the parliamentary parties spend

The LDPR has become the leader in the number of funds spent on the election campaign to the State Duma, it follows from the final financial reports of the parties to the CEC. The LDPR election fund received 701 million rubles, of which the party spent 698.3 million rubles on elections. Most of the funds (66% of the spent) went to election campaigning through television and radio, a third – to the production and distribution of printed campaigning. Materials in print media cost the party 20 million rubles, in online media 7 million rubles.

The LDPR ranks first in election spending for the second time— in the 2016 Duma elections, it also outpaced other parties in terms of investments. In comparison with the last elections, the LDPR changed the structure of its spending — then the main item of expenditure was the release of its own printed agitation; holding public mass events cost 6 million rubles (this year only 866 thousand rubles went to them).

“This time, it was decided to participate massively in the television campaign, to convey their program positions in the form of commercials. We used them for campaigning on television, on all channels that participated in the draw,” Boris Chernyshov, Deputy chairman of the State Duma from the LDPR, told RBC. He noted that the campaign costs were “absolutely justified”.

In second place in terms of spending, United Russia spent 617.3 million rubles out of 700 million rubles collected in the election fund for the autumn Duma elections. The party will return almost 83 million rubles to the sponsors; according to the report, the party in power did not have voluntary donations from citizens. “United Russia” made a bet on the distribution of printed campaign materials (404 million rubles were spent from the fund for this).,half as much was spent on campaigning through television. The ruling party spent significantly more than others on mass events – their organization cost 1.5 million rubles. Earlier, Deputy Secretary of the General Council of the EP Sergey Perminov explained that the party revised its strategy compared to the 2016 elections and used a hybrid format with “online and offline forms of promotion of meanings”.

The final financial reports of the party were to be submitted to the CEC by 18:00 on October 25. At the time of publication of the material on the website of the Central Election Commission, there were no reports of two parties that had passed to the Duma “Fair Russia” For the Truth” and “New People”. The CEC explained to RBC that the data is updated promptly, as the reports are submitted by parties.

According to the CEC at the beginning of September, “Fair Russia” spent 479 million of the collected 549 million rubles for the truth, “New People” 422 million of 469 million rubles.

The Communists turned out to be the most modest of the parliamentary five. The Communist Party spent 178.5 million rubles on the campaign. At the same time, almost all the funds (173 million rubles) went to the issue of printed agitation. “Most of the federal fund’s funds were spent on printed products, because television advertising is expensive, and we felt that wethere will be enough free airtime,” first deputy Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Yuri Afonin explained to RBC, adding that the strategy paid off. Part of the organizational work, in particular meetings with voters, was paid for from the regional funds of single-mandate candidates. The federal fund paid for propaganda work, the Communist Party noted.

The expenses indicated in the financial reports of the parties cannot be considered complete – not all expenses are carried out through election funds, explains political scientist Alexander Zhalov. In addition, in parallel with the autumn elections to the State Duma, elections to the legislative assemblies of the regions were held, which also required resources, and the reports did not indicate the funds of single-mandate candidates, the political scientist noted.

According to the ratio of costs and results, the Communist Party campaign can be considered the most effective, Zhalov added. However, according to him, the results of the party cannot be attributed only to its expenses for campaigning – the reason is that the Communist Party managed to accumulate a protest electorate. According to Zhalov, expenses from the electoral fund do not play a major role. “The LDPR entered the campaign with almost the same sociological indicators as the Communist Party, and as a result became the fourth faction in the Duma in terms of the number of deputies,” he noted.

According to the results of the elections to the State Duma held on September 17 and 19, United Russia scored 49.82%, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation 18.93%, the Liberal Democratic Party 7.55%, Just Russia Patriots For the Truth 7.46%, New People 5.32%. The number of mandates of the “United Russia” decreased from 343 to 324, the Communist Party increased from 42 to 57, the “Fair Russia” For the Truth” increased from 23 to 27, and the LDPR decreased from 39 to 21.

Expenses of non-parliamentary parties

Among the non-parliamentary parties, the Party of Pensioners has become the leader in spending. Of the 176.8 million rubles of the election fund, she spent 163.8 million, directing almost all of the funds to the release of campaign materials. The Civic Platform (10 million out of 11.7 million rubles spent on elections), the Party of Growth (40 million out of 51.4 million rubles) and the Green Alternative (35.7 million out of 35.8 million rubles) also focused on this. RBC has contacted the press service of the Pensioners’ Party and the Civic Platform for comment.

The most expensive item of expenditure of “Apple” was “payment for services performed by legal entities or citizens of Russia under an agreement”,”83 million rubles. They include expenses for the distribution of printed materials of the party, and all expenses for campaigning on the Internet, explained RBC in the press service of “Apple”. Two-thirds of the funds spent on advertising were directed to digital advertising, the party said.

The Civic Platform (11.7 million rubles), the Communists of Russia (20.3 million rubles), the Motherland (32.3 million rubles), the Green Alternative (35.8 million rubles) and the Russian Communist Party (40.5 million rubles) spent the least in the elections.

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