The UK will develop recommendations on convincing young people to refuse rallies

Ggeneral Claus proposed to conduct a study and find out why teenagers participate in rallies. According to its results, the UK will develop recommendations for the formation of a “conscious refusal of young people” from participating in protest actions

 The UK will develop recommendations for convincing young people to refuse rallies

The Investigative Committee plans to develop recommendations for the formation of a “conscious refusal of young people” from participating in unauthorized actions, deputy chairman of the department, Lieutenant General of Justice Alexander Klaus, told TASS.

According to him, in January, the Investigative Committee proposed that St. Petersburg State University (St. Petersburg State University) conduct a sociological study. With the help of it, the UK wants to find out why teenagers participate in illegal rallies, as well as find ways to counter such dangerous trends.

“According to the results of the study, we plan to receive an expert opinion with recommendations on the formation of a conscious refusal of young people to participate in uncoordinated actions,” Klaus said.

At the beginning of the year, uncoordinated protests were held in Moscow, St. Petersburg and a number of other Russian cities in support of the opposition leader Alexei Navalny. According to human rights activists, more than 10 thousand people were detained at the rallies on January 23 and 31, as well as on February 2. More than 90 criminal cases were opened against the participants and organizers of the actions, the Ministry of Internal Affairs reported. The rallies were attended by minors, among others.

After the protests, President Vladimir Putin declared the inadmissibility of involving children in protest actions. “In no case should minors be pushed forward. After all, this is what terrorists do when they drive women and children ahead of them. Here the focus shifts a little, but in fact it is the same, ” he said.

Next year, educational advisers will appear in schools. The project for their training will be supervised by the Russian Movement of Schoolchildren (RDS), Kommersant reported. As the executive director of the RDS Irina Pleshcheva said, special attention will be paid to young people who were detained at unauthorized rallies. “It is necessary that they do not feel anger or the feeling that they are abandoned. They should be integrated into the same RDS projects, ” she noted.

Commenting on this initiative, the rector of MIPT, former Minister of Education and Science Dmitry Livanov, in an interview with RBC, said that “he sees nothing wrong with talking about politics with schoolchildren”. I think that you need to talk about everything with children. There should be no forbidden topics. Since political activity is a part of the life of society, it is possible and necessary to talk about it. Where else can we talk about this, if not at school, where the child spends a significant, and sometimes most of his life?» & mdash; he said.

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru

The Kremlin named those responsible for the reaction to the map of the Crimea at the Olympics

Withinitially, the peninsula was shown as Russian, but then the IOC said that it would “correct the mistake”. Dmitry Peskov said that this is an occasion for the embassy and sports officials to “take appropriate actions”

 The Kremlin named those responsible for the reaction to the map of Crimea at the Olympics

Diplomats and sports officials should react to the situation with the map of Crimea on the website of the Tokyo Olympics. So the question about the incident was answered by the press secretary of the president Dmitry Peskov, the correspondent of RBC reports.

After the journalists told him what had happened, Peskov said: “I think this is an occasion for our embassy and sports officials to take appropriate actions and ask appropriate questions.”

Earlier, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine noted that the International Olympic Committee separated Crimea from Ukraine on the website of the Olympic Games in Tokyo. The map is published in the section “Schedule and results”, when you zoom in, you can see that Crimea is separated from Ukraine by a border.

“The Foreign Ministry has instructed the embassies of Ukraine in Switzerland and Japan to look into this situation,” said the press secretary of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, Oleg Nikolenko.

The IOC in response apologized and assured that the error was corrected immediately after the discovery. “This is an unfortunate error of the provider, which was immediately corrected as soon as we became aware of it, and for which we apologize,” the IOC said.

Earlier, the scandal with the map of the Crimea as part of Ukraine broke out before the European Football Championship. The national team of Ukraine presented the form for the tournament on June 6. The outlines of the territory of Ukraine with Crimea were depicted on the chest. In addition, the phrases “Glory to Ukraine” and “Glory to the heroes” were applied to the form.

Initially, UEFA approved this form, but later obliged the Ukrainian national team to remove the slogan “Glory to Heroes” from it. The union noted that the map of Ukraine, which depicts Crimea as part of this country, does not violate the rules, but the combination of the slogans “Glory to Ukraine” and “Glory to the Heroes” is clearly political in nature, having historical and militaristic significance.”

UEFA made this decision after a protest from the Russian Football Union (RFU). They considered that the design of the form violates the ban on political statements.

The Ukrainian TV channel “Dom”, which was created for broadcasting in the territories of Donbass not controlled by Kiev, on July 5 showed a map of Russia with Crimea on the air. The TV channel’s security service has launched an investigation into the incident.

One Russian Diary project’s graphic splash screen contains an image of a map of Russia with the occupied Crimea, “the channel’s management said.” The staff of the TV channel ” Dom “apologizes for the appearance in the graphic screensaver of one of the issues of the project “Russian Diary”.

The issue with this card was withdrawn from the air, the channel administration asked for help from the SBU (Security Service of Ukraine). “As soon as it was discovered, the reaction was instantaneous. The perpetrators have been suspended, “the representatives of the “House” said.

The world community has not yet recognized the annexation of Crimea to Russia in 2014, in Ukraine the peninsula is considered occupied by Russia.

RBC in Vkontakte Instant news and videos in our Vkontakte group

Источник rbc.ru

The Kremlin responded to the data on the delay in the delivery of Sputnik V to Argentina

According to Dmitry Peskov, the priority for the Russian authorities remains to meet the demand for the vaccine from the Russians themselves, but the obligations for deliveries abroad will be fulfilled

 The Kremlin responded to the data on the delay in the delivery of the V Satellite to Argentina

It is impossible to talk about the disruption of supplies of the Russian vaccine Sputnik V to Argentina, the difficulties that have arisen will be resolved, said the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov, the correspondent of RBC reports.

“Not a breakdown, but delays. Hard work is being done, ” the Kremlin representative said, noting that meeting the demand for the vaccine from the Russians themselves remains an absolute priority for the Russian authorities.

“As for the fulfillment of obligations on foreign markets, they will be fulfilled. There was a delay and the RDIF is in contact with the counterparty to resolve the inevitable problems, ” Peskov explained.

Earlier, the newspaper La Nation, citing a letter that the adviser to the President of Argentina Cecilia Niccolini sent to the first Deputy Director General of the RDIF Anatoly Braverman, reported that delays in the supply of the Russian vaccine “Sputnik V” led to a critical situation. According to her, in July, Argentina did not receive 5.5 million doses of the first component of the V Satellite and 13.1 million of the second, while manufacturers from other countries comply with delivery schedules.

“At the moment, the entire contract [with Russia] is under threat of termination. We understand the existence of a shortage and production difficulties that arose a few months ago. But now, seven months later, we are still far behind the delivery schedule, ” La Nation quoted Niccolini’s letter.

Argentina allowed the use of the V Satellite in December last year, becoming the second foreign state, after Belarus, to approve its use. Since the beginning of the pandemic, more than 4.8 million people have fallen ill in the country (including 13.5 thousand in the last day), more than 103 thousand have died (267 in the last day).

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru

The total area of fires in Russia has exceeded 10 million hectares since the beginning of the year

In In Russia, forest fires cover more and more territories. Their total area already has a chance to exceed the norm, experts say. Which regions are covered by fire and what measures are being taken by the authorities-in the material of RBC

 The total area of fires in Russia has exceeded 10 million hectares since the beginning of the year

What is the scale of forest fires

According to the remote monitoring of the ISDM-Rosleskhoz system, the total area of forest fires in Russia since the beginning of this year has amounted to 10.2 million hectares, which is more than the territory of Latvia or Estonia. As of July 22, the area of active forest fires in Russia exceeded 785 thousand hectares, reported “Avialesohran”. In 2020 and 2019, forests burned on an area of 16.5 million hectares, in 2018-by 15.4 million hectares.

Every year, on average, about 15 million hectares of forest are burned out, Konstantin Kobyakov, chief coordinator of WWF Russia’s high conservation value forests projects, told RBC. “According to today’s data, it is absolutely clear that this year the area of fires will be higher than average. What has changed in recent years is that we don’t just sometimes have peaks when there are a lot of fires, but a lot burns every year, ” he noted.

This year is still on the fifth place since the beginning of the century in terms of the area of forest fires, the head of the forest department of Greenpeace Alexey Yaroshenko told RBC. According to him, there were more during this period only in 2003 (13.4 million hectares), in 2012 (13.1 million hectares), in 2008 (12.4 million hectares) and in 2018 (12.0 million hectares).

Where the forests are burning the most

Due to forest fires, an emergency regime has been introduced throughout the territory in three subjects: Yakutia, Karelia and the Chelyabinsk Region. In seven more regions (Vologda and Irkutsk Regions, Komi, Krasnoyarsk, Primorsky, Khabarovsk Territories, Chukotka Autonomous District), the emergency mode was introduced in certain areas.

The largest area of fires was recorded in Yakutia. According to the data of the Ministry of Ecology of the republic, there are now 227 wildfires in Yakutia, the total area of which was more than 1.5 million hectares. Forests burned in the national park “Lena pillars”, as well as in the nature reserve “Olekminsky”. Because of the fires in the capital of the Republic of Yakutsk, there wasan excess of the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) of air pollutants was recorded, and the authorities recommended that citizens minimize their presence on the street, tightly close doors and windows. Smoke and, as a result, poor visibility led to a temporary stop of ferries along the Lena and interruptions in air traffic.

Currently, there are 30 forest fires in Karelia on an area of almost 9 thousand hectares. Immediately in five districts of the republic, the area of forest fires exceeded the long-term average values, 637 residents were evacuated. A little less, almost 6 thousand hectares of fire, are recorded in the Khabarovsk Territory on July 22, chairman of the regional Forestry Committee Vadim Saburov told RBC. The northern part of the region was covered with smoke from Yakutia, residents felt the smell of burning.

In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the area of active fires is 4.3 thousand hectares, the press service of the regional government told RBC, adding that all fires are located in remote and hard-to-reach territories. In a remote area that is difficult to reach, and fires in the Chukotka Autonomous District. There, the area covered by fires is 188 thousand hectares, the press service of the district government told RBC.

The fires also affected the Irkutsk and Chelyabinsk regions. In early July, in the Chelyabinsk region, the fire moved to two settlements-Jabyk and Spare. As a result, 72 buildings were burned, including 46 houses for permanent residence and 26 country houses. The body of one deceased was found in Jabyk, almost 20 residents needed medical assistance.

What factors contribute to the growth of the area of fires

The reason for the fires, the authorities of the regions call dry thunderstorms against the background of a multi-day abnormal heat. Fires are aggravated by severe drought, so the fire spreads faster. The head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, linked forest fires with global climate change & mdash; according to him, the average temperature in June was above 20 & ordm;C, while the average should be 15 & ordm;C.

WWF expert Konstantin Kobyakov also talks about climate change as a factor contributing to fires. “It is important that the number of adverse natural phenomena that can lead to fires is increasing,” these are droughts, periods with high temperatures, wind strength. Since the risks are higher, the number of fires is also growing, ” he said. But the key cause of wildfires lies in the actions of a person and in his careless handling of fire, Kobyakov emphasizes.

The increased risks of fires require increased attention to fire work, the expert is sure. According to him, in the new conditions, fire work does not change fundamentally and remains underfunded. “The number of aviation security services is growing slightly, the number is being added, a new center is planned to open. But this rather allows you to stay at the same level, but not radically change the situation, ” he concluded.

What are the authorities doing

Planes of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the Ministry of Defense help to eliminate fires in Yakutia. The aviation of the Ministry of Emergency Situations has been involved in extinguishing since July 1, now there are 13 units of federal aircraft on the territory of the republic-these are IL-76, BE-200, MI-8 helicopters. To fight forest fires, firefighters are also used by aircraft, which are thrown into inaccessible areas. In three regions of Yakutia, “Air Security” caused artificial rains, for which a special An-26 “Cyclone” sounding aircraft was used.

In the Chelyabinsk Region, 4,389 people and 1,883 units of equipment are connected to extinguishing forest fires, the press service of the region told RBC. The press service of the Krasnoyarsk Territory told RBC that since the end of June, additional forces have been mobilized in the region for rapid response: more than 270 forest special forces fighters have been deployed to areas where the situation may become more complicated, two new aviation refueling points have been organized. In 2021, the total amount of funding for the detection and extinguishing of forest fires in the Krasnoyarsk Territory is about 1.5 billion rubles, the press service of the region added.

A forest fire center is being created in the region on the basis of Cheremshanka Airport, which will promptly respond to fires in the Far East and Siberia, Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology Alexander Kozlov told reporters. According to him, the center “North” has already started recruiting paratroopers, it is planned to purchase 112 units of specialized equipment and more than 1800 units of fire equipment and equipment.

About 900 people were involved in extinguishing fires in Karelia, as well as 31 people from the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions and 160 units of equipment. Aviation patrols of forests are conducted daily, and a gathering of volunteers who want to help in the elimination of forest fires has also been announced.

RBC in Telegram Instant news in our Telegram channel

Источник rbc.ru

The Argentine authorities announced a “critical” delay in the delivery of ” Satellite V

In July, the country did not receive 5.5 million doses of the first component of Sputnik V and 13.1 million doses of the second component. The adviser to the President of Argentina said that the contract may be terminated, and vaccines will be purchased in the United States

 The Argentine authorities announced a critical delay in the delivery of Satellite V

In Argentina, there is a critical situation with vaccination against coronavirus due to delays in the delivery of the second dose of the Russian vaccine “Sputnik V”, according to a letter from the adviser to the President of the country Cecilia Niccolini to the first deputy Director General of the RDIF Anatoly Braverman, the newspaper La Nation reports.

The publication, referring to the text of the letter, claims that for the vaccination of elderly Argentines, the authorities expected at least 1 million doses of the second component of the vaccine to be delivered on July 10 or 11. However, the batch came only on July 13 and in the amount of 550 thousand doses.

According to Niccolini, the contract with the RDIF is on the verge of termination, because Argentina did not receive 5.5 million doses of the first component of the V Satellite in July and 13.1 million of the second.

“At the moment, the entire contract is under threat of termination. We understand the existence of a shortage and production difficulties that arose a few months ago. But now, seven months later, we are still far behind the delivery schedule. By the same time, we are starting to receive vaccines from other suppliers on a regular basis in compliance with the schedules, ” writes the presidential adviser.

Niccolini also said that recently the President of Argentina, Alberto Fernandez, signed a decree allowing the purchase of drugs for coronavirus from American companies. Manufacturers from the United States promise deliveries this year and have the advantage of the V-Satellite in the form of vaccines for children. La Nacion reports that we are talking about Pfizer drugs.

In addition, the presidential adviser draws the attention of the deputy director of the RDIF to the fact that Russian vaccine developers are delaying the conclusion on drugs produced at the local Richmond laboratory, which has signed a contract with the foundation for the production of the V Satellite. Niccolini noted that the laboratory sent the first doses of the produced vaccine on June 16, and the Russian developers promised to give a conclusion within 10 & ndash;15 days. “The doses have been in Russia for more than three weeks.We hope you will pay special attention to this, ” the adviser writes, adding that such delays disappoint the Argentine leadership.

Niccolini said in a letter that the Argentine authorities are doing everything possible to ensure the success of the Russian vaccine, but the RDIF “leaves them little chance to continue fighting for this project”. As an example of such support, the presidential adviser calls the upcoming publication in a medical journal, where the results of a study of the effectiveness of the V Satellite six months after vaccination and its ability to counteract new strains of the coronavirus are presented.

Niccolini later explained to Radio Con Vos (TASS drew attention to the speech, an incomplete text transcript of the conversation is shown on the radio station’s website) that her letter should not be perceived as a threat. The Argentine authorities are in constant, almost daily contact with Moscow on the situation with the vaccine, she noted, saying that relations between the countries are now at a very good level, despite difficulties with supplies.

RBC sent a request to the RDIF.

Local publications reported on delays in the delivery of the second component of the V Satellite to Argentina in June. By the middle of last month, the country received almost 7.9 million doses of the first component and a little more than 1.5 million of the second. Due to the lack of the latter, the period between the introduction of the first and second injections had to be increased to 12 weeks.

As La Nacion wrote, the Argentine authorities are “conducting intensive negotiations”with the RDIF to achieve the shipment of a batch of vaccine. A source of the newspaper said at the time that there were no special reasons for concern, since the drug showed good effectiveness, preventing the severe course of COVID-19 and fatal outcomes in almost 80% of cases.

Presidential press Secretary Dmitry Peskov previously stated that the obligations to provide the vaccine will be fulfilled gradually, since the priority is vaccination of its own population.

On July 7, the journal Nature published an article in which it reported on the effectiveness of using the V Satellite outside of Russia. On the same day, the Ministry of Health of Argentina presented the interim results of a study of the effectiveness of the drug. It followed from them that after vaccination, side effects were recorded only in 0.55% of cases, and hospitalization was required for 0.0027% of those vaccinated.

After that, the RDIF said that the data of the Argentine authorities confirm the safety of the Russian vaccine, adding that the V Satellite has shown high efficiency in Hungary, Mexico, Serbia, San Marino, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and other countries.

Argentina allowed the use of the V Satellite in December last year, becoming the second foreign state, after Belarus, to approve its use. To date, almost 4.8 million people have fallen ill in the country, more than 102 thousand have died.

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru

Kiev called the US-Germany deal on Nord Stream “the transition of the game to overtime

Paccording to the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Dmitry Kuleba, the story of the gas pipeline has not yet ended and Ukraine will continue to protect its interests. Kiev is dissatisfied with the country’s security guarantees prescribed in the agreement between the United States and Germany

 Kiev called the US-Germany deal on Nord Stream

Dmitry Kuleba

Ukraine will continue to defend its interests in the issue of “Nord Stream-2”, despite the agreement concluded by the United States and Germany on the gas pipeline. This was stated by the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Dmitry Kuleba during a briefing during a visit to the village of Lugansk.

“Yesterday, the game did not end, it was transferred to overtime. We have two more halves and a penalty shootout, in order to protect Ukraine as much as possible, ” the minister said.

Video

He noted that Kiev has a lot of questions to Washington and Berlin about the agreements reached. The deal, according to Kuleba, does not solve the problem of Ukraine’s security.

“This is, in fact, our main complaint against this statement. There are not enough clear and specific things written in the security block, ” the foreign minister said.

The Minister stressed that the story of the “Nord Stream-2” is not complete, since the project will have to undergo certification and insurance procedures. Kiev insists on consultations with Western partners about the concluded agreement and intends to raise the question of how exactly Western countries see the implementation of the agreements reached by the United States and Germany.

“We must hold these consultations in order to establish whether there are signs of violation by the Nord Stream-2 of EU law and the principle of solidarity that operates in the EU, as well as the corresponding norm of the Association Agreement,” Kuleba added.

On July 21, the German Foreign Ministry and the US State Department issued a joint statement that actually allows the completion of the Nord Stream-2 without the introduction of new sanctions and the resumption of past restrictions. Formally, the document does not oblige Washington to abandon sanctions, but before its adoption, the State Department noted the ineffectiveness of restrictions when the gas pipeline is actually completed.

The deal guarantees Ukraine the support of the United States and Germany in terms of energy diversification, as well as the creation of a special fund for $1 billion for the country’s transition to “green” energy and assistance in maintaining the transit of Russian gas for ten years. In addition, Berlin has promised to seek sanctions against Moscow if it uses the new gas pipeline as an instrument of pressure on other countries.

Against the background of the conclusion of the agreement, Kiev and Warsaw issued a joint statement condemning the agreements reached by Washington and Berlin. “Such a decision created additional political, military and energy threats to Ukraine and Central Europe as a whole,” the document stated. Ukraine and Poland claim that the launch of the Nord Stream-2 could lead to a crisis of energy security in the region. The Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Dmitry Razumkov, appealed to the US Congress with a request to continue the policy of sanctions against the Nord Stream-2.

Before the publication of the joint statement of the United States and Germany, the Kremlin stated that they were not going to use energy resources to put pressure on other countries. After the announcement of the terms of the deal, presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that the Russian leadership had carefully studied the document.

According to him, there are points in the text that Moscow welcomes, as well as conditions with which it cannot agree. Peskov described the point about preserving the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine with the words “they married me without me”, stressing that it does not mention Russia itself in any way.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said that the main condition for maintaining gas transit through Ukraine is the demand for fuel in Europe. Gazprom stressed that it is ready to transport gas through the Ukrainian territory after 2024 based on the economic feasibility and the state of the country’s gas transportation system.

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru

The United States imposed sanctions against the head of the Cuban Defense Ministry under the Magnitsky Act

The National Special Brigade, a unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the country, also fell under the restrictions. The measures were introduced due to the suppression of anti-government protests in Cuba

 The United States imposed sanctions against the head of the Cuban Defense Ministry under the Magnitsky Act

The United States has imposed sanctions against Alvaro Lopez Miera, the Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Cuba, according to the website of the US Ministry of Finance.

The National Special Brigade, which is part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Cuba, was also blacklisted. The sanctions were introduced within the framework of the Magnitsky Act, which allows restrictions to be applied to those who, according to Washington, are responsible for human rights violations. The measures include a ban on entry to the United States and the freezing of assets. They were introduced against the background of mass anti-government protests in Cuba, which took place in the first half of July.

CNN and The Washington Post reported that the administration of US President Joe Biden will announce restrictions on the Cuban leadership. It is assumed that initially the sanctions will affect a small number of representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the armed forces of Cuba, writes WP. According to the source of the publication, it usually takes several weeks to collect evidence of abuses, human rights violations and corruption within the framework of the Magnitsky Act, but Biden instructed the State Department and the Ministry of Finance to complete this work in a shorter time.

State Department spokesman Ned Price said yesterday that the Ministry of Finance is studying the possibility of imposing sanctions against Cuban officials responsible for violence, harassment and human rights violations against peaceful demonstrators. Washington is concerned about the situation and the reaction to it from the official Havana. “We call for calm and condemn any violence against those who protest peacefully, and we also call on the Cuban government to release all those detained for peaceful protest,” he said.

Anti-government protests in Cuba-the first of this scale since the 1990s-began on July 11. Local residents are protesting against rising food prices, as well as against its shortage, power outages and lack of medicines. Unrest swept cities from Havana to Santiago de Cuba on the southeast coast, thousands of people took to the streets.

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel called on government supporters to take to the streets and resist possible provocations. He accused the United States of organizing the riots.

Dozens of people were arrested across the country. According to the authorities, one detainee died.

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru

For the first time in history, Russia has appealed to the ECHR with a complaint against another country

In what are the features of the claim against Ukraine and what explains its filing, Russia in its first interstate complaint to the ECHR put forward ten claims against Ukraine-from discrimination of the Russian-speaking population to the crash of flight MH17 in July 2014. Consideration of the case may take years

 For the first time in history, Russia has appealed to the ECHR with a complaint against another country

Russia has appealed to the European Court of Human Rights with an interstate complaint against Ukraine, according to the Prosecutor General’s Office, which has been representing Russia in the ECHR instead of the Ministry of Justice since July . The complaint & laquo;Russia v. Ukraine» & mdash; is the first in the history of a state complaint that has been filed by Moscow with the European Court of Justice,.

What Moscow complained about

There are ten points in the list of claims that Moscow makes to Kiev:

  • the death of people during the Euromaidan in 2014, during a fire in the House of Trade Unions in Odessa in the same year and during the ongoing operation in the Donbass;
  • “the practice of suppressing freedom of speech and persecuting dissidents” by banning the work of mass media and journalists;
  • discrimination of the Russian-speaking population and the displacement of the Russian language from the public sphere;
  • discrimination against Russian business;
  • loss of life and destruction of property as a result of shelling by the Armed Forces of Ukraine of the adjacent Russian territory;
  • depriving residents of Donbass of the opportunity to participate in elections to the central authorities;
  • blocking of the North Crimean Canal as the main source of fresh water for residents of the Crimean Peninsula
  • attacks on Russian diplomatic missions;
  • the crash of a Malaysian Airlines plane on July 17, 2014 due to the failure of the Ukrainian authorities to close the airspace over the combat zone
  • “refusal to provide the necessary legal assistance to the Russian investigative authorities in the investigation of crimes committed”.

According to the press release, the filing of the complaint is intended to “draw the attention of the European Court of Justice and the entire world community to the gross and systematic violations of human rights by the Ukrainian authorities”.

Russia is facing an imminent defeat in the lawsuit with Ukraine in the ECHR, said the head of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine Denismalyuska. Since 2014, Ukraine has filed nine interstate complaints against Russia. The last one-in February of this year; in it, Kiev indicates that Moscow continues the “administrative practice of targeted killings of alleged opponents of the Russian Federation” on the territory of the country and abroad, and they are “sanctioned by the state”.

How did Russia support its arguments

According to prosecutors, Ukraine violated the rights and freedoms of citizens, both Ukrainians and Russians. The authorities of the country for seven years “encouraged and covered up” the actions of nationalists and “nationalist terror”that turned into a war in the Donbass, the Prosecutor General’s Office points out. The military actions themselves, Moscow claims, are also accompanied by numerous violations: abductions of citizens, attacks on humanitarian convoys, “indiscriminate shelling” of civilian infrastructure, torture.

Kiev’s actions violate a number of articles of the Convention on Human Rights, the Russian agency claims. It also notes that as a result of shelling from Ukraine, a significant number of Russian citizens were killed,including on the territory of Russia, the victims were residents of Donetsk (the Ukrainian-Russian city of the same name in the Rostov region), Kuibyshevo and other settlements, as well as employees of the Russian checkpoint Gukovo. But the number of victims and their names, as well as other circumstances, are not given.

The European Convention on Human Rights, on the basis of which the ECHR operates, was adopted in 1950. Russia ratified it in 1998. The Convention protects the right to life, prohibits torture, inhuman treatment and slave labor, guarantees the right to freedom and personal integrity, to a fair trial, etc. In accordance with the amendments made to the Constitution in the summer of 2020, decisions of interstate bodies, including courts, if they contradict the Basic Law, are not subject to execution in Russia.

In the part concerning the crash of flight MH17, the Prosecutor General’s Office claims that Kiev bears all responsibility for what happened. «…A serious violation of Article 2 of the Convention (right to life) has been committed…& gt; Article 3 of the Convention (prohibition of torture) in connection with the failure to take measures to close its airspace»,— is indicated in the explanation. Ukraine also did not conduct an independent andan effective investigation of the circumstances of the failure of responsible officials to close the airspace, while Kiev presents fabricated evidence in order to shift its blame for this plane crash to Russia, the annex says. (An international investigation team was investigating the circumstances of the crash, and the trial continues in the Netherlands.)

Pointing to violations of the principles of freedom of speech, the Prosecutor General’s Office pointed out that since 2014, opposition politicians and journalists have been physically eliminated in Ukraine. The agency points out that independent investigations were not conducted into the deaths in 2014 of the operator of the Russian “First Channel” Anatoly Klyan and the correspondent of VGTRK Anton Voloshin and others. The Russian side did not ignore the closure of both Ukrainian TV channels (112 Ukraine, NewsOne and ZiK), as well as Russian-language resources of Channel One, VGTRK and others.

Russia explains the illegality of the water blockade of the Crimea imposed by Ukraine along the North Crimean Canal by the fact that the Dnieper River feeding the canal is cross-border, and takes its source in the Smolensk region. The closure of the channel violates at least three articles of the Convention, the Prosecutor General’s Office claims.

Why did Russia decide to file this complaint

The complaint was sent to the ECHR ten days after Vladimir Putin published an article about the historical unity of Russians and Ukrainians. As explained by the press secretary of the president Dmitry Peskov, in this article Putin spoke “about very, very negative processes that are currently taking place in Ukraine”. “Russia has the right to expect the reaction of the ECHR to these negative processes,” Peskov noted. The interstate complaint has become an extreme measure, but “all patience comes to an end,” Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said at a briefing.

There may be different versions of why the lawsuit was filed now, says Andrey Kortunov, director general of the Russian International Affairs Council: “This may also be due to Moscow’s fatigue from expecting positive progress from Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, it may be a consequence of Putin’s meeting with US President Joe Biden and the promotion of human rights by Western countries.” However,he notes that filing a complaint is an interesting attempt at a counteroffensive, because many Russian officials used to say that Russia has nothing to do in the ECHR and should not pay compensation for cases already considered. If the complaint is rejected, Kortunov points out, the position of those who call for withdrawal from the work of the ECHR and the Council of Europe as a whole will strengthen in the country.

How long can the trial take

“This will be an interesting process,” Dmitry Dedov, a Russian judge of the ECHR, commented to Interfax. In his opinion, the consideration can be quite lengthy.

Consideration of the claim in the ECHR begins with the determination of its admissibility. One of the few formal differences between an interstate complaint and a citizen’s complaint against the state is that the first ones are immediately distributed for consideration in the chamber, they cannot be declared unacceptable by a single judge or a committee of three judges, Kirill Koroteev, head of the international practice of Agora, explained to RBC. The admissibility criteria for interstate complaints are the same as for individual ones, explains Koroteev, including “the applicant State must show the exhaustion of legal remedies in the respondent State”.

This means that the victim of a violation of the rights under the Convention must undergo several judicial instances in the respondent country, which the ECHR considers effective. To file a complaint against Ukraine, a cassation decision of one of the cassation courts within the Supreme Court is almost always required, Koroteev added.

Here we are not necessarily talking about the fact that Russia as a state should be sued in a Ukrainian court. The applicant country can rely on the already existing judicial practice of administrative or criminal lawsuits of its citizens with the authorities of the respondent country. For example, Ukraine, when filing complaints against Russia, referred to the sentences of Russian courts against the Crimean Tatars, the lawyer explained.

There are very few interstate cases in the ECHR, the expert continues, about 30 in the 70-year history, but the last 10 & ndash;12 & mdash; are quite recent cases concerning the Russian-Georgian and Russian-Ukrainian conflicts, as well as Nagorno-Karabakh. Slovenia filed a complaint against Croatia, but it was declared inadmissible. The consideration of interstate complaints, according to Koroteev, takes a very long time. To make the last decision on the second claim of Georgia againstIt took Russia 12 years. Having considered this claim, the ECHR ruled in January of this year that Russia cannot be held responsible under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms for the incidents that occurred when Russian servicemen repelled an attack by the Georgian army on a peacekeeping contingent and local civilians in South Ossetia in the period from 8 to 12 August 2008. Instagram Live broadcasts and instant news on our Instagram.

Источник rbc.ru

Lukashenka transferred part of his powers to the government

According to the decree, part of the functions of the head of state on the privatization of state property is transferred to the government and local authorities

 Lukashenka transferred part of the powers to the government

Alexander Lukashenko

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko has signed Decree No. 4, according to which the redistribution of powers of the head of state has begun in the country. This is reported by his press service.

The document amends Decree No. 3 of March 20, 1998 “On the privatization of state property in the Republic of Belarus”. Now the functions of the president to coordinate the issue of additional issues of shares created in the process of privatization of open joint-stock companies that process agricultural products are transferred to the government.

If the shares of these joint-stock companies are owned by administrative-territorial units, the regional executive committees and the Minsk City Executive committee receive powers.

In March, Lukashenko said that at the initial stage of the development of Belarus, most of the issues were solved by the president: “This was done in order to restore order in working with the budget, to save state property, mineral resources, everything that belongs to the Belarusian people.” Decisions on the redistribution of powers between state authorities are overdue, but this process should be evolutionary and linked to the constitutional reform, he added.

Two months later, Lukashenka signed a decree “On the protection of sovereignty and the constitutional system”, according to which, in the event of the violent death of the president, the country’s governance passes to the Security Council headed by the Prime Minister. The Head of State noted that such a need is unlikely to come, but it is impossible to lose vigilance: “I must foresee everything”.

Video

On July 16, a special commission created by Lukashenka made final proposals to the draft amendments to the country’s Constitution. They talk about raising the age limit and the period of settlement for a presidential candidate. In addition, the applicant for this post must not have a foreign citizenship or a residence permit. It is proposed to increase the minimum age for holding the post of head of state to 40 years. Now a citizen of at least 35 years old and living in the country for at least the last ten years can become the president of Belarus.

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru

Gazprom has announced its consent to continue gas transit through Ukraine

Pthe continuation of gas transit through Ukraine is possible even after the launch of the Nord Stream-2 ,but everything will depend on the market situation and the state of the gas transportation system of the republic, Alexey Miller said Gazprom has agreed to continue gas transit through Ukraine

Alexey Miller

The head of Gazprom, Alexey Miller, said that the company is ready to continue gas transit through Ukraine after 2024, based on the economic feasibility and the state of the country’s gas transportation system, RIA Novosti reports.

“Gazprom has always stressed its readiness to continue gas transit through Ukraine, including after 2024, based on the economic feasibility and technical condition of the Ukrainian gas transportation system,” the head of the gas monopoly said.

He stressed that “Gazprom” is even ready to increase the transit of gas through Ukraine “in total above the current transit obligations”, but this issue should be resolved “on market conditions and at market prices”.

Commenting on the accusations against Russia of using energy carriers as a tool of pressure on other countries, Miller said that Gazprom has always approached Nord Stream 2 as an economic project and its goal is to ensure the reliability, stability and diversification of gas supplies to the EU market.

Miller noted that the gas supplied via the Nord Stream-2 will be cheaper for end users in Europe due to a shorter transport route. Among other advantages, the head of Gazprom called compliance with all the necessary modern environmental requirements. “CO2 emissions through Nord Stream-2 are 5.6 times lower (including by reducing the number of compressor stations) than for the Ukrainian route,” he added.

The continuation of the “Ukrainian transit” was one of the conditions of the deal on the “Nord Stream-2” between the United States and Germany. The joint statement of the two countries says that Germany will seek to extend the contract for the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine for another ten years after 2024, and Berlin and Washington will also help Kiev with the diversification of energy sources. Under these conditions, the United States is ready to abandon attempts to stop the construction of a new Russian-German gas pipeline.

Video

After the announcement of the agreement, the representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, said that it was strange for Russia to hear statements about mandatory gas transit through Ukraine for ten years without taking into account the economic component. “Of course, there is still hope that common sense among our Western partners will prevail and there will be a reasonable solution based not on political speculation, phobias and myths, but on pragmatic economic calculations,” she said.

Ukraine (as well as Poland) condemned the conclusion of the agreement, even on the terms of extending gas transit through its territory. In a joint statement, Kiev and Warsaw stressed that the decision of the United States and Germany created additional political, military and energy threats to Central Europe.

RBC on YouTube Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of broadcasts on our YouTube channel

Источник rbc.ru