Paccording to the outgoing head of the NATO Military Committee, Stuart Peach, the rapid modernization of the Chinese Armed Forces is becoming a threat to NATO. But he is not afraid of the union of Russia and China: they have serious contradictions
Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (the highest military body of the alliance) Stuart Peach spoke about the “shocking” speed of China’s military modernization and noted that NATO should closely monitor this process. He expressed this opinion in an interview with the Financial Times on the last day of his work in this post.
“It is simply shocking how quickly China has built ships, modernized its air force, how much it has invested in cybernetics and other forms of information management, not least in facial recognition,” Peach stated.
Peach expressed the wish that all NATO members analyze the situation and decide what China’s military ambitions can mean for the alliance.
The head of the NATO Military Committee pointed out that in recent years, joint exercises of the Russian and Chinese military have turned from “relatively insignificant” into “large-scale exercises and training opportunities”. However, he refuted suggestions that the two countries are moving towards a strategic partnership. According to Peach, Russia and China may enter into a confrontation related tocompetition in the Arctic. Russia has already declared itself an “Arctic power”, at the same time Russia is expanding its military infrastructure in the northern regions. Increased competition may be associated with global warming and melting of ice-this gives greater opportunities for the operation of the Northern Sea Route and facilitates access to the rich mineral resources of the region.
“There will be no harmony between China and Russia in the Arctic in the long term,” Peach stated.
Peach headed the NATO Military Committee for three years, since 2018.
The Northern Sea Route is the shortest waterway between the European part of Russia and the Far East. In Russian legislation, it is fixed as the “historically formed national unified transport communication of Russia in the Arctic”. The route passes through the seas of the Arctic Ocean (Barents, Kara, Laptev Sea, East Siberian, Chukchi) and the Partial Pacific Ocean (Bering Sea).
In fact, all ties between Ukraine and the Donbas have already been severed, but if Kiev wants to give the process a legal status, we can only express regret, Peskov said. Earlier, Zelensky allowed a break in relations with the region
The legal decision of Ukraine to sever relations with the Donbass caused great regret in Moscow. This was stated by the press secretary of the president Dmitry Peskov, Interfax reports.
“Actually, all de facto ties are already broken, and these regions are already rejected by the Ukrainian state. If we are talking about formalizing this process and giving it a de jure status, we can only express regret here. If there are any other ideas, then, probably, an explanation will follow, ” Peskov said.
Earlier, the President of Ukraine, Vladimir Zelensky, allowed holding a referendum on the Donbass, if it is not possible to reach a settlement of the conflict. “The wall” is a complete termination of the relationship in one form or another. I believe that this plan can be, but the decision to launch this plan should be made by the people of Ukraine, ” he said.
Peskov also commented on the new sanctions of Ukraine against Russian companies and individuals. According to him, if we consider them in the context of the preparation of the meeting of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Zelensky, they raise “a lot of questions”.
“If we consider these steps as cutting off the tails before the meeting in order to prevent it in any way, then we can understand these steps of Kiev,” Peskov said (quoted by TASS).
Zelensky approved new sanctions against Russia on the eve of June 24. A number of Russian banks were subject to restrictions, including Sberbank, VTB, Gazprombank, TV channels “Russia 24”, NTV, “Channel One”. The world network & raquo; and & laquo;RTR-planet », airlines & laquo;Aeroflot & raquo;, & laquo;Ural Airlines» and & laquo;Russia». From individuals, businessmen and officials were included in the sanctions list.”Rostec” Sergey Chemezov, the head of the Management Board of “Gazprom”Alexey Miller, Oleg Deripaska, Andrey Kostin, as well as Igor, Arkady and Roman Rotenberg.
The sanctions provide for various measures, including the blocking of assets; a ban on the withdrawal of capital outside Ukraine; a ban on participation in privatization, leasing of state property; refusal to grant and cancel visas; stopping financial transactions.
The Kremlin noted that Putin remains interested in establishing working relations between Moscow and Brussels. Earlier, the EU countries did not support Merkel’s proposal to hold a summit with the participation of the Russian president
The Kremlin took with regret the refusal of the European Union to hold a summit with the participation of President Vladimir Putin. This was stated by the press secretary of the Russian leader Dmitry Peskov, the correspondent of RBC reports.
“You know that President Putin has been and remains interested in establishing working relations between Moscow and Brussels,” Peskov said.
The Kremlin representative recalled that the president recently published an article in the German edition of Die Zeit dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. In it, Putin “sent quite positive messages to the Europeans in terms of reanimating relations,” Peskov noted.
“We also know that the German Chancellor and the French president have taken the initiative [to hold a summit with Putin’s participation],” the press secretary added.
Russia— EU summits have been held since 1995. After the annexation of Crimea to Russia in 2014 and the subsequent sanctions, the holding of summits was frozen.
This year, German Chancellor Angela Merkel made a proposal to resume meetings with the Russian president, the Financial Times reported. As stated in the article, Berlin believes that Putin’s meeting with US President Joe Biden in Geneva is a good reason to revive relations with Russia.
The proposal to hold a Russia-EU summit was also supported by French President Emmanuel Macron, Bloomberg reported. “We need a dialogue with Russia to protect our European interests. This dialogue is necessary for the stability of the European continent, ” he said.
However, about ten leaders of the EU countries did not support this initiative, Bloomberg learned. According to the source, at the talks in Brussels, they made it clear that they did not approve either of the idea itself or of the fact that it was put forward “at the last moment”.
Latvia, Romania and Estonia, in particular, opposed holding a summit with Putin. Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda called such a meeting “an attempt to secure a jar of honey by coming into contact with a bear”, and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said that he would refuse to participate in the meeting if the proposal was supported. Unwillingness to participate in the summit heI connected it with the case of the crash of the Malaysian Airlines plane over the Donbass in 2014. Then, as a result of the disaster, 192 Dutch citizens were killed. According to the international investigation team, several people who are in Russia are involved in this case. In Moscow, the conclusions of the investigation are considered premature.
According to him, the reason was the support of Alexey Navalny. In June, the Moscow City Court recognized the FBK (it has the status of a foreign agent) and the headquarters of the oppositionist as an extremist organization. Later, all those involved in extremism were banned from being elected
The head of the Krasnoselsky district of Moscow, Ilya Yashin, was removed from the elections to the Moscow City Duma. He announced this on Twitter.
“Yesterday, the by-elections to the Moscow City Duma started. In the morning, together with my lawyers, I came to the election commission and submitted documents for registration as a candidate. However, the chairman of the commission immediately gave me an official refusal. I was forbidden to open an election account, and therefore I am deprived of the opportunity to even print sheets for collecting signatures. The reason for the ban was my support for Alexey Navalny, ” Yashin said.
According to the head of the district, the commission referred to the law that prohibits those involved in extremist and terrorist organizations from being elected. A few days after the president signed this law, the Moscow City Court recognized the Anti-Corruption Fund (FBK, recognized by the Ministry of Justice as a foreign agent) and the headquarters of opposition leader Alexei Navalny as extremist organizations.
“The Russian authorities have officially designated me an extremist. On this basis, I was removed from the elections to the Moscow Duma and deprived of the right to be elected anywhere in the next five years, ” Yashin said.
He planned to participate in the by-elections to the Moscow City Duma in the 37th district. The mandate was released there after the death of the deputy from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Nikolai Gubenko.
“The situation is not new. A similar decision was made on Mr. Stepanov. As far as I know, they are all indicated in the court’s decision, which is addressed to immediate execution. The reason for the district commission to make such a decision is precisely the court’s decision, ” Dmitry Reut, deputy chairman of the Moscow City Election Commission, told RBC.
He added that Yashin has the right to appeal the decision of the district commission to the Moscow City Election Commission or to the court. In this case, the decision of the district election commission will be checked, Reut noted.
“The court turned him [the court’s decision] to immediate execution,” said the deputy head of the Moscow City Election Commission, answering the question that the decision of the Moscow City Court to recognize the FBK and Navalny’s headquarters as extremist (recognized as foreign agents) it has not yet entered into legal force.
President Vladimir Putin signed a law banning the election of those involved in extremist and terrorist organizations on June 4. According to it, the heads of such organizations cannot apply for any elected positions within five years from the date of entry of the court decision on the recognition of the association as extremist into legal force, and ordinary employees and those involved – for three years.
The maneuvers involve five ships, two submarines, and strategic aircraft. The exercises began against the background of the presence of the aircraft carrier Queen Elizabeth in the Mediterranean Sea. The British side previously reported that the Russian military was watching him
The Russian Defense Ministry has transferred two MiG-31K fighters to the Khmeimim air base in Syria, which can carry hypersonic missiles “Dagger”. This was reported to journalists in the military department.
This was done within the framework of the joint exercises of the forces of the permanent task force of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean Sea and the aviation of the Russian Aerospace Forces, which started on June 25.
The commander of one of the MiG-31K crews said that they will perform “training tasks”. “The instrument approach systems and the airfield ensure the performance of tasks in both simple and complex meteorological conditions, day and night,” he added (quoted by RIA Novosti).
The maneuvers involved five ships, including the missile cruiser “Moscow”, the frigates “Admiral Essen” and “Admiral Makarov”, the submarines “Stary Oskol”and” Rostov-on-Don”, as well as anti-submarine and strategic aircraft, the Defense Ministry said.
The British aircraft carrier Queen Elizabeth is currently located in the Mediterranean Sea. On June 22, the Sky News channel reported that the Russian military was interested in him: according to the commander of the aircraft carrier strike group, Steve Moorhouse, since the aircraft carrier launched an operation against the Islamic State (a terrorist organization banned in Russia) on June 18, the Russian ship has approached it by 16 miles (about 25 km).
The Telegraph,in turn, wrote with reference to the commander of the air group, James Blackmore, that Russian MiG aircraft were watching the aircraft carrier. The British military also noticed the frigate of the Black Sea Fleet “Admiral Grigorovich”.
On June 14, the British destroyer Defender, which had previously been part of the Queen Elizabeth Air Group in the Mediterranean, entered the Black Sea. On June 23, according to the Russian Defense Ministry, he violated the border near Cape Fiolent in the Crimea and did not respond to warnings, so the Russian patrol ship was forced to open a warning fire. The British side responded by saying that the ship was sailing through international waters.
LEU leaders said they did not rule out “subversive” actions by Russia in the future, and called for a “coordinated response” that would include economic sanctions. At the same time, they are ready for a “selective dialogue”
Following the results of the first day of negotiations between the leaders of the EU member states in Brussels, the European Council instructed the European Commission and the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrel, to study the possibility of introducing new sanctions against Russia, if necessary in the future. This is stated in a statement, the text of which was published on Twitter by the press secretary of the heads of the European Council, Barend Leits.
According to the document, the EU considers it necessary to prepare a firm and coordinated response to any further malicious, illegal and subversive actions of Russia, fully using all the tools at the disposal of the European Union.
“The European Council invites the European Commission and the High Representative for Foreign Policy to present options for further restrictive measures, including economic sanctions,” it says.
The summit participants called on Russia to “stop actions directed against EU members and third countries” and implement the Minsk agreements, the statement said. The European Council also condemned the “restriction of fundamental freedoms in Russia” and expressed its readiness to support civil society, human rights organizations and independent media.
The document notes that the European Council is open to “selective dialogue” with Russia on certain issues, including climate conservation, environmental protection and health care. In addition, the EU is ready to cooperate on topics related to relations with Iran, Syria and Libya.
The text of the statement does not say anything about whether the leaders of the EU countries were able to agree on holding a summit with the participation of Russian President Vladimir Putin. This proposal was made earlier by German Chancellor Angela Merkel. However, according to Bloomberg, about ten EU member states opposed it. Merkel herself said that it was not possible to agree on this issue, “there was a very thorough and difficult discussion”.
On June 24, Merkel called on the European Union to develop common mechanisms for negotiations with Russia and Putin. As the German Chancellor noted, due to its geographical location, the EU is responsible for what is happening in the Eastern Partnership countries:Ukraine, Belarus, the countries of the Western Balkans.
Tthose who refuse vaccination endanger themselves and their loved ones, and the burden on doctors is also growing, Beglov said. According to him, new restrictions can be avoided in St. Petersburg, for this “it is elementary to get vaccinated”
The governor of St. Petersburg Alexander Beglov on the air of the channel ” 78 ” criticized those who are not vaccinated against COVID-19.
According to the governor, even if an unvaccinated person follows the safety rules in a pandemic, he can get infected from someone who does not, “and then the chain goes”. “You know, we should treat such people with zero tolerance, because it is not only harmful for ourselves, for our loved ones, others, it is also a burden on healthcare,” Beglov believes.
Due to the increase in the incidence of coronavirus infection, the authorities are forced to redesign ordinary hospitals, the governor added. According to him, due to those who neglect the necessary measures, not only the number of cases of COVID-19 is growing, but also other patients cannot receive planned care.
Beglov did not rule out that restrictions may be tightened in St. Petersburg if the epidemiological situation worsens. “But why do this when it is elementary to get vaccinated,” he added.
Over the past day, the city has recorded a record number of deaths from coronavirus per day since the beginning of the pandemic-99 people. The total number of victims of infection there reached 15.6 thousand, confirmed cases of infection-461.7 thousand
On June 21, new restrictions came into force in St. Petersburg due to COVID-19: the operation of water parks and attractions and holding mass events with the participation of more than 500 people are prohibited in the city. At exhibitions, celebrations and other events, where more than 75 people gather, visitors will be allowed only with a negative PCR test for coronavirus. A few days earlier, the authorities bannedthe work of food courts, children’s rooms in restaurants, cafes and shopping centers and limited the work of catering at night. By August 15, 65% of civil servants were required to be vaccinated against coronavirus.
As of June 22, more than 800 thousand people were vaccinated against coronavirus in St. Petersburg, 218 thousand in the Leningrad Region, the press service of the regional government told RBC Petersburg.
Pthe resident of Ukraine believes that it is necessary to preserve the Minsk agreements and find a new format for resolving the conflict. He expects to achieve this at meetings with Putin and Biden, and also did not rule out a referendum on the Donbass
The Minsk agreements on the settlement of the conflict in the east of Ukraine were initially “barely alive” document, according to the country’s President Vladimir Zelensky. He stated this in an interview with the channel “1+1”.
When asked by a journalist if he thinks that “Minsk died”, Zelensky replied: “He was born barely alive”.
At the same time, the Ukrainian leader pointed out that the Minsk agreements are the only document for resolving the situation in the Donbas and it should be preserved, but a new format is also needed. “I believe that the meeting with the President of Russia and my meeting with the President of the United States can provide a different agenda for solving these issues. At the very least, we need to try»,— Zelensky added.
According to the President of Ukraine, the issue of meeting with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin is on the agenda, the main topic of potential negotiations will be security issues. “With the Kremlin today, this is a matter of our probable possible meeting. <..."Our administrations have connected on the agenda and on the date and place of the meeting," he said.
Zelensky also said that in the event of a failure of negotiations on the Donbass with Russia, the United States or in the “Normandy format”, the question of further relations between Kiev and the region can be submitted to an all-Ukrainian referendum. “The wall” is a complete termination of the relationship in one form or another. I believe that this plan can be, but the decision to launch this plan should be made by the people of Ukraine, ” he noted.
At the end of April, Zelensky invited Putin to visit the Donbass and hold talks anywhere, “where there is a war”. In response, the Russian leader invited his Ukrainian counterpart to Moscow if he intends to discuss issues of bilateral relations. If the president of Ukraine wants to discuss the problem of Donbass, first he needs to meet with the heads of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics (DPR and LPR) and only then with the Russian leadership, noted at this Putin. On June 9, he announced that theythere is always something to talk about with Zelensky, especially in the light of the accumulated problems between the countries. According to Putin, Zelensky, when he offered to meet him, wanted to discuss “international security”.
Zelensky’s meeting with US President Joe Biden is due to take place this summer: the American leader invited his Ukrainian counterpart to visit Washington. Zelensky clarified that the meeting would be held in July and it was planned to discuss the expansion of strategic cooperation between the two states.
The Congress of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation decided on the federal part of the list for the State Duma elections, it included 15 people. Zakhar Prilepin tried to get to the pre-election forum of the Communists, but he was not allowed
Who was included in the federal list of communists
On Thursday, June 24, the second stage of the pre-election congress of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation was held in the boarding house “Snegiri” near Moscow. The delegates approved the federal part of the list for the State Duma elections. It included 15 people— the maximum number of candidates possible by law. The first three are the head of the party, Gennady Zyuganov, cosmonaut and State Duma deputy Svetlana Savitskaya and the head of the Lenin State Farm;,former presidential candidate Pavel Grudinin. Also on the list are the governor of the Orel region Andrey Klychkov, the first deputy chairman of the State Duma Ivan Melnikov, deputies Yuri Afonin, Vladimir Kashin, Dmitry Novikov, Nikolai Kharitonov, Nikolai Kolomeitsev, Sergey Shargunov, Vadim Kumin, Yuri Sinelshchikov, Kazbek Taisaev and Alexey Kurinny.
What will be the federal lists of other parties
On June 20, the federal list of “United Russia” was announced, it included five people. Representatives of the coalition “Fair Russia” Patriots “For the Truth” have repeatedly told RBC that there will be only three candidates on their federal list: co-chairmen of the parties Sergey Mironov, Gennady Semigin and Zakhar Prilepin. The LDPR promised that their federal list will also include 15 people.
Regional groups of the Communist Party were headed by deputies and regional party functionaries & mdash; among the leaders of such groups are the Mayor of Novosibirsk Anatoly Lokot, the head of the Buryat branch of the Communist Party, ex-senator Vyacheslav Markaev and former Governor of the Irkutsk region Sergey Levchenko.
The Communist Party of the Russian Federation, in addition, nominated candidates in all 225 single-mandate districts for the Duma elections.
Also during the congress, it became known that the Left Front movement, led by Sergei Udaltsov, has united with the Communist Party. It is the Communists who can become the main unifying force on the left-patriotic flank, Anastasia Udaltsova, a representative of the movement, explained this decision. First Deputy Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Yuri Afonin told reporters that the authorities are trying to “create spoiler parties on the left flank”;,however, ” they will not succeed, because it is impossible to deceive people for a long time.” “Our team has absorbed the most prominent representatives of the left, communist, working-class movement of our country. <..."Our list includes representatives of the Left Front, the Movement for New Socialism, Labor Russia, in fact, all movements that are real popular movements," he said.
The list of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation can be called a compromise, political scientist Alexander Zhalov noted in a conversation with RBC: on the one hand, there are several “bright, critical figures in it, whom the authorities did not want to let into the State Duma” Grudinin, Kurinny; on the other hand, it did not include figures who “were under fire for criticism of the presidential administration” SergeyLevchenko, Valery Rashkin, Nikolai Bondarenko. According to the expert, the composition of the list of the Communist Party will not lead to a significant expansion of its electorate, as it reproduces the traditional structure of the party. At the same time, Zhalov called it a good decision to include Grudinin in the top three, who still remains a fresh face for the Communist Party and a fairly popular opposition politician.
“The Communists are now justifiably claiming a confident second place in the elections, this is the second-ranked party,” Zhalov summed up.I think that they have a significant chance to improve their positions in the State Duma elections compared to 2016 and there is a high probability that they will receive the majority of mandates on the lists. That is, they have enough list mandates for both the federal part and for most of the leaders of large regional groups.
How Zakhar Prilepin was not allowed to attend the congress
At the congress of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, there were some surprises: the co-chairman of the coalition “Fair Russia”, the Patriots For the Truth, writer Zakhar Prilepin, came to “Bullfinch”. He brought coffee and croissants with him, two eyewitnesses of the event told RBC, but he could not get to the event.
Prilepin planned to speak at the congress and suggest that the Communists create a coalition by signing a memorandum of cooperation, but he had to be satisfied with a telephone conversation with the leader of the Communist Party. This was reported to RBC in the press service of the coalition of three parties. “In a telephone conversation with Gennady Andreevich, at his suggestion and invitation, we should meet next week and discuss working issues,” Prilepin explained.And I hope that my proposal to create a memorandum and a coalition will at least be accepted for consideration, because we take this extremely seriously.
The Communists did not appreciate the gesture of the co-chairman of the rival party: Prilepin arrived at the congress without warning, so he was not allowed there, Alexander Yushchenko, Zyuganov’s press secretary, told RBC. According to him, a telephone conversation really took place between Zyuganov and Prilepin, during which the Communist leader suggested that Prilepin discuss all issues next week. “There was no conversation about the memorandum, there was no conversation about cooperation, there was just a hospitable and respectful conversation on the part of Gennady Andreevich,” Yushchenko said.
The representative of the Communist Party noted that the party already has a coalition of people’s patriotic forces, which includes women’s, military organizations, the movement “For a new Socialism”. “We have many organizations, I do not know what Zakhar is talking about. He chose his path with “Fair Russia”, with Semigin. <...& gt; With Semigin, we are definitely not on the way, we were already on the way with him, & mdash; saidYushchenko also noted that the Communist Party is ready to discuss Prilepin's coalition ideas, but stressed that he is "bound by certain obligations". "In this case, Zakhar made his choice & mdash; he entered into a structure that, in our opinion, is not completely independent. <..."Therefore, the question is how far he is ready to go here," the representative of the Communists explained.
Na video distributed by the FSB shows that on the bridge of a Russian patrol ship, the crew of a British destroyer is warned that it has invaded the territorial waters of Russia, and they demand to leave them, then the command “Fire!” follows
The Russian military recorded the crossing of the border of Russian territorial waters near the Crimea by the British destroyer Defender in the Black Sea and repeatedly called for a change of course, but the ship did not leave the area, follows from the video of the negotiations of the crew of the patrol ship, distributed by the FSB.
The video was shot on the bridge of the vessel. One of the sailors reports that at first the destroyer was clearly on the border. & laquo;41st minute & mdash; crossed the state border of the Russian Federation», & mdash; one of the crew members spoke.
Defender sent a message to the Russian sailors that the destroyer is performing a “peaceful passage” (innocent passage) in accordance with international standards.
In response, there was a demand to throw off the territorial waters of Russia “in order to avoid incidents”. It was repeated several times, in parallel, the officers gave instructions about the preparation of the artillery installation. The Russian military informed the British that they would open fire if the Defender did not leave the territorial waters of Russia. They also said that in this case, Russia will not be responsible for the damage to the ship.
The crew of the patrol also sent a warning to other vessels nearby that they were preparing to open fire and the area would become unsafe for navigation.
Then there was an order to open a warning fire: “Perform a warning shooting. Perform a warning fire. At the Defender course. Exclude a hit. Exclude a hit in Defender. Fire!»
After that, the crew reported that the destroyer had left the territorial waters of Russia.
The Defense Ministry also distributed information that the Defender crossed the border of Russia in the northwestern part of the Black Sea. Onvoshelv territorial waters for 3 km in the area of Cape Fiolent, follows from the message of the department.
“Previously warned about the use of weapons in the event of a border violation, the British ship did not react to this in any way. At 12.06 and 12.08, the Russian border patrol ship performed a warning firing, ” the ministry said. The military also said that the Su-24M plane dropped four bombs forward on the course of the British destroyer.
The incident occurred on June 23. The British Ministry of Defense said that there was no shooting from Russian patrol aircraft and suggested that the Russian military conducted exercises in the Black Sea. However, later the captain of the destroyer Vincent Owen admitted that the shooting was conducted:”I suspect that the shooting was conducted from one of the Coast Guard ships.”
Owen also believes that the ship has used its right to the peaceful passage of ships through international waters along the approved corridor.
Moscow reacted sharply negatively to the incident. The Kremlin called the incident a conscious provocation. “We are sorry, because it was a deliberate and prepared provocation. We are concerned about such actions of the British ship, ” said presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov.
The Foreign Ministry said that Russia will defend the inviolability of its borders by both diplomatic and military methods. The deputy head of the department, Sergei Ryabkov, warned British diplomats that if appeals to common sense do not help, we “can bomb not just on the course, but also on the target”.