Pthe resident did not name the head of United Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, among those whom he proposed to nominate to the federal five. The fact that Medvedev may not be included in this part of the EP list, RBC sources said
Vladimir Putin at the XX Congress of the All-Russian political Party “United Russia”
At the congress of “United Russia” held in Moscow, President Vladimir Putin named Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, chief physician of the hospital in Kommunarka Denis Protsenko, co-chairman of the ONF Elena Shmeleva and Commissioner for Children Anna Kuznetsova as those who deserve to be included in the federal part of the list, the correspondent of RBC reports.
“In my opinion, the list, especially the top five, should look so that there are both those who are commonly called political heavyweights, and relatively new ones-those who represent important areas of our life. These are support for children, education, healthcare, defending the country’s interests in the international arena, strengthening the state’s defense capability, ” he said.
Shoigu, after the president’s proposal to include him in the head list, expressed gratitude to the president for his trust. “If you support our inclusion in the party list, we will try to do everything to justify this trust. Comparing the situation of 20 years ago with today, we can say that we have done a lot, ” he said.
The name of the party chairman Dmitry Medvedev was not mentioned. The fact that it may not be included in the main part of the EP list, RBC sources previously said. According to them, they also discussed a scenario in which the party chairman will not end up on the electoral list. Firstly, his leadership now has not added to the popularity of United Russia in terms of rating; secondly, the party now has some advantage in the agenda, and Medvedev’s leadership with his sociological indicators can cause “unnecessary conversations and discussions”, explained one of the interlocutors of RBC.
The United Russia congress will approve the draft election program for the party to go to the polls in September, as well as a list of candidates for State Duma deputies and candidates for single-member districts.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, this year’s State Duma elections will be held in three days, from September 17 to 19. A total of 450 deputies will be elected, of which 225 will be on party lists, and another 225 will be on single-member constituencies. Residents of Moscow, Sevastopol, Kursk, Murmansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov and Yaroslavl regions will be able to vote online.
Din the party in power, the risks of becoming “state-owned crust” are always higher, Putin said. He called on the members of the United Russia Party not to “get cold feet” and to strengthen the party’s authority.
Vladimir Putin at the XX Congress of the All-Russian political Party “United Russia”
President Vladimir Putin called on the members of United Russia not to allow the appearance of “unscrupulous” people in their ranks and not to “overgrow” the official crust. He said this at the party congress, the correspondent of RBC reports.
“The party in power inevitably tries to lean on people who are random in nature and unscrupulous in their hand, so that more sticks to this hand. For the ruling party, there is always a higher risk of becoming overgrown with some kind of official crust. We must remember that the previously acquired authority itself will not work. To turn green means to stop, ” he said.
According to Putin, “United Russia” relies on those “who have shown themselves in the case”. In particular, the president noted that “many” of the party members joined the volunteer movement, “helped the elderly”. “I am sure that you will continue this line, which means that the party will strengthen its authority, meet the times,” he said.
The EP congress will approve the draft election program, with which the party will go to the elections in September, as well as the list of candidates for deputies of the State Duma of the eighth convocation and candidates for single-member districts.
Putin has scheduled the State Duma elections for September 19. A total of 450 deputies will be elected, of which 225 will be on party lists, and another 225 will be on single-member constituencies. Against the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic, the vote will be held in three days, from September 17 to 19. The Central Election Commission made this decision after consulting with Rospotrebnadzor. The CEC believes that voting within not one, but several days will avoid the risks of infection.
In seven regions, voting will be held online. Residents of Moscow, Sevastopol, Kursk, Murmansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov and Yaroslavl regions will be able to vote remotely.
Putin proposed to exempt large families from paying personal income tax if they spent money on buying new housing during the year
Speaking at the congress of “United Russia”, President Vladimir Putin proposed to exempt from paying income tax families with two or more children, if during the calendar year they direct funds for the purchase of new housing, reports the correspondent of RBC.
“I propose to exempt families with two or more children from paying tax on income from the sale of residential real estate, if during the calendar year they direct the funds received for the purchase of new housing. In this way, dear colleagues, we will be able to provide people with more opportunities to improve their living conditions: some money will remain in their hands, and they will be able to use it to buy a larger apartment, ” the president said.
Putin also announced other measures to support families with children in an April address to the Federal Assembly. In August, families with children-schoolchildren and those who will only go to the first grade, will receive 10 thousand rubles for each student. In addition, from September 1, the payment of sick leave for the care of a child under the age of seven years inclusive will be 100% of earnings.
Single-parent families with children from eight to 17 years old will be assigned monthly payments in the amount of half of the child’s living wage in the region. The average in Russia is 5.6 thousand rubles.
In September 2019, the government approved a one-time payment of 450 thousand rubles to large families. These funds should be used to repay mortgage loans. The payment can be received by parents who have or will have a third child and subsequent children from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2022. The benefit also applies to parents who have adopted children.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said that getting vaccinated against coronavirus infection is better than getting it.
“Once again, I remind you that getting vaccinated is better than getting sick. In any case, this is the position of the leading experts in our country and in the world, “he said, speaking at the congress of “United Russia”, reports the correspondent of RBC.
The Head of State stressed that he is in constant contact with specialists. He noted that the consequences of COVID-19, which may include both lung damage and vascular damage, are still being studied.
At the end of May, Ukraine banned Belarusian airlines from using its airspace due to the incident with the landing of Ryanair and the detention of Roman Protasevich
Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko said that Minsk, in response to the decision of the Ukrainian authorities not to allow Belarusian planes into its airspace, will not accept sUkraina planes. His words are quoted by the Telegram channel “Pool of the First”, which is close to the press service of the President.
“Since Ukraine has closed our flight, we will not just accept planes from Ukraine,” Lukashenko said.
Ukraine banned Belarus from using its airspace at the end of May, and the country also announced the termination of air traffic. This decision was made by the authorities after the Ryanair flight landed in Minsk on May 23. The plane was flying from Athens to Vilnius, but urgently landed at the Minsk airport due to reports of mining, which was later not confirmed.
The Ryanair flight was flown by Roman Protasevich, co-founder of the opposition Telegram channel Nexta, which is recognized as extremist in Belarus. While checking documents at the Minsk airport, Protasevich was detained, as well as his companion, a Russian woman, Sofya Sapieha.
European countries and the United States strongly condemned the actions of the Belarusian authorities. In connection with the incident, the EU countries announced a ban for Belarusian air carriers to use the airspace and airports of the European Union. European carriers were recommended to fly around Belarus. On June 10, the European Parliament adopted a resolution on increasing pressure on the Belarusian authorities. It is proposed to introduce restrictions against public and private companies that are controlled by the authorities of the republic or are associated with them.
Ryanair said that the pilot who made the emergency landing was under “serious pressure”. The company noted that the airliner could have landed in Poland or other Baltic countries, but the crew had no choice.
Lukashenko, commenting on the emergency landing of the Ryanair plane, said that he “had to protect people” and acted “legally” according to all international rules.
Pthe reason for the suspension of membership was a photo in social networks, in which a man with a gun poses next to the inscription “Chukotka 2021”, laid out from dead birds. The party noted that it may be about illegal hunting
The secretary of the regional branch of the United Russia party, Sergei Nosov, suspended the membership of the deputy of the Magadan City Duma, Alexander Kramarenko, according to the website of the party’s branch in the Magadan region.
The decision was made “after the publication in a number of media outlets and social networks of reports about possible involvement in poaching”, the website says. Membership will be suspended until all the circumstances are clarified and a decision is made by law enforcement agencies.
On social media, a photo of a man was posted next to the inscription “Chukotka 2021”, laid out from dead birds. “The picture was posted to the Siberian hunter community’s Instagram on May 10, but was later deleted. It is worth noting that the hunting season in Chukotka opened only on May 15, as a result of which the law under Article 258 of the Criminal Code of Russia (illegal hunting) could be violated.)», & mdash; reported in the party department.
Article 258 of the Criminal Code provides for a penalty of up to two years in prison, or from three to five years if the crime was committed as part of an organized group.
The fact that the man in the photo with the corpses of birds-Deputy of the Magadan City Duma Alexander Kramarenko, the day before reported “Novaya Gazeta”. The journalists estimated that there are about 150 dead birds in the photo. According to the rules, you can kill a certain number of different birds during the day or during the season. As the “New Newspaper” wrote, to get so much game, you need to be either a representative of the indigenous people (they are not subject to restrictions), or hunt in a large group.
Kramarenko told Novaya Gazeta that it was not him who was in the picture, but the photo itself, which was photoshopped, but a bunch of people who were hunting. After that, the editorial office received other photos confirming that it was the Magadan deputy who participated in the hunt with the mass extermination of the bird.
According to the website of the Magadas City Duma, Kamarenko was elected a deputy in September 2015. In September 2020, he was again elected as a deputy of the City Duma, but from a different district. Kamarenko is the deputy chairman of the Permanent parliamentary Commission on local self-government, as well as a member of the permanent parliamentary commissions on social policy and on municipal property and investment policy.
According to preliminary results, the victory was won by the Chairman of the Supreme Court Ebrahim Raisi. All of his rivals conceded defeat
Supreme Court Chief Justice Ebrahim Raisi has won the presidential election in Iran, the head of the Islamic Republic’s election headquarters, Jamal Ruf, said in announcing the initial results of the vote. This is reported by Reuters with reference to the state television of Iran.
Riasi received 17.8 million votes. A total of 28.6 million people took part in the vote.
The three other presidential candidates received the following preliminary results:
Secretary of the Expediency Council Mohsen Rezai & mdash; more than 3 million 300 thousand votes
former head of the Central Bank Abdolnaser Hemmati & mdash; more than 2 million 400 thousand votes
deputy Chairman of the Mejlis (Parliament) Amir Hossein Kazizadeh Hashemi-more than 1 million votes.
The headquarters clarified that these data are preliminary, the final results will be announced during the day. At the moment, 90% of the ballots have been counted.
The current President of Iran, Hassan Rouhani, did not take part in the elections, as his second term in office is coming to an end.
All of Raisi’s competitors have already recognized his victory in the elections. Outgoing President Rouhani also congratulated the winner, without naming him. “Congratulations to the chosen candidate. Of course, since this has not yet been officially announced, I will postpone the official congratulations by law, but the one who was elected by the people and received a sufficient number of votes is already known. God willing, he will become president in 45 days, ” the president said.
Raisi has been the head of the Iranian judiciary since 2019, before that he was the Prosecutor General. The politician is under US sanctions because of suspicions of a tough crackdown on protests.
In Iran’s previous presidential election in 2017, Raisi also participated. Then he won more than 10 million votes, and Rouhani-more than 14 million
As Bloomberg notes, Raisi’s victory could complicate efforts to restore the nuclear agreement. The US withdrawal from the deal under former President Donald Trump has expanded the capabilities of hardliners in Iran, the agency points out.
The presidential election in Iran was held on Friday, June 18. Voting began at 07: 00 (05:30 Moscow time) and was supposed to continue until 00: 00 (22: 30 Moscow time), but the work of the polling stations was extended due to the fact that not everyone had time to cast their vote in the allotted time.
In Armenia will hold early parliamentary elections, which will be a duel between Prime Minister Pashinyan and ex-President Kocharyan. Back in March, the former looked like an uncontested favorite, but by election day, the odds had leveled off
On Sunday, June 20, early parliamentary elections will be held in Armenia, which will determine who will become the country’s prime minister. The two main candidates are Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and the second President of the republic Robert Kocharyan. The vote will actually be a duel between them-two irreconcilable opponents, the most prominent representatives of the revolutionary so-called old authorities. According to the latest opinion polls, their chances are almost equal.
The next prime Minister of Armenia will have to solve numerous economic and security issues – in 4.5 years, the mandate of the Russian peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh will expire, and according to the trilateral agreement that stopped the war, they will be obliged to leave the region if one of the parties does not agree to the extension of the mission.
The odds are equal
In March of this year, when Pashinyan announced early elections, he was the uncontested favorite, whose victory looked inevitable. At that time, almost 32% of respondents were ready to vote for the prime minister’s block “My Step”, despite the defeat in the war, and for Robert Kocharyan and his block “Armenia”.;about 6%. Now the situation has changed radically-the ratings of the parties of Pashinyan and Kocharyan are equal. According to the latest poll conducted on June 5 & ndash;7 by the MPG sociological service (Gallup International’s partner in Armenia), 23.8% of respondents are ready to vote for the acting prime minister’s bloc, and 24.1% are ready to vote for the allies of the second president.
A total of 25 political forces will take part in the elections-21 parties and four blocs, all the presidents of independent Armenia since 1991 are running, including the first president Levon Ter-Petrosyan. In addition to the two main contenders, another force has a chance to overcome the threshold of the third president of the country, Serzh Sargsyan, “I have the honor” (7.4%).
An important feature of the upcoming elections in Armenia is the rule according to which the votes for the forces that did not overcome the barrier (for blocs-7%, for parties-5%) are proportionally distributed among the more successful candidates. The Constitution of Armenia also provides for a second round of voting if, after the distribution of votes, none of the parties, blocs or coalitions in the parliament has a majority of 54%.
The final result will depend heavily on the turnout, explains Armenian political analyst Alexander Iskandaryan. “Pashinyan’s electorate is mobilized. They will come to vote for him anyway. And many people who do not like Pashinyan are not going to go to the polls. Kocharyan’s task is to bring them to the polling stations, ” he told RBC.-If the turnout is minimal ,then [after recounting] 30% of Pashinyan can immediatelyturn to 40%. And if we take into account that 22 of the forces participating in the elections will not overcome the barrier, and if they collect at least half a percent, then this 40% can already turn into 50%. This is the reason for Pashinyan’s calculation. Serzh Sargsyan has left a brilliant Constitution for any ruling party. Under Sargsyan, in 2015, amendments to the Constitution were developed and adopted in a referendum, introducing a parliamentary form of government.
Due to the fact that almost all the forces going to the parliament are ready to form a coalition with Kocharyan, Pashinyan has much less chances to lead the government, Armenian political analyst Stepan Danielyan disagrees. He suggests that, in addition to the Sargsyan bloc, the “Prosperous Armenia” of billionaire Gagik Tsarukyan and the “Enlightened Armenia” led by Edmon Manukyan may also enter the parliament. And both of these parties tend to enter into a coalition with the second president.
Why Pashinyan is losing popularity
One of the main factors that influenced the change in the election ratings of the 46-year-old Pashinyan in the post-war period was the aggravation on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border in the Syunik and Gegharkunik regions. On May 12, the Azerbaijani military went there and since then they have refused to leave the territories that Armenia has occupied.it considers them to be its sovereign, and in this regard, the country even appealed to the CSTO. On May 25, an Armenian soldier was killed in a shootout there. And on May 27, Baku announced the capture of six Armenians who were mining the territory. Moreover, Nikol Pashinyan stated that the capture took place on the territory of Armenia, and not in the Azerbaijani rear.
Pashinyan’s rating is also affected by the inability to resolve the issue of prisoners of war, of which at least 150 remain in Azerbaijan. True, there have been changes in this direction over the past week-on June 12, 15 people were transferred to Armenia in exchange for maps of minefields at one of the sites in Karabakh (although Azerbaijan had previously denied having any prisoners). The popularity of the acting prime minister is not added by the aggressive statements of Baku andAnkara has announced its intention to receive the Zangezur corridor, which will connect Azerbaijan with Nakhichevan. The trilateral agreement that stopped the war in November last year does not imply the creation of a corridor as a kind of alienated strip, but only the unblocking of transport communications. Nevertheless, Azerbaijan’s mention of this wording allows Pashinyan’s opponents to accuse him of a possible betrayal of the country’s interests.
The second main reason for the decline in Pashinyan’s popularity is the collapse of state institutions, Alexander Iskandaryan notes. At the end of May, Armenian Foreign Minister Ara Ayvazyan and a number of high-ranking diplomats left their posts-only one acting deputy minister remained in the ministry. The head of the diplomatic department in the country changes for the second time in the past six months after the end of the war. His predecessor Zohrab Mnatsakanyan left because ofdisagreements with the prime Minister back in November. The Foreign Ministry remained the last institution that retained relative integrity and continuity after the defeat in the war, the interlocutors-diplomats in Yerevan told RBC earlier. Before that, in February, after the country’s General Staff, including its head Onik Gasparyan, called on Pashinyan to resign, almost the entire military elite of the country was replaced.
Why Kocharyan is gaining popularity
66-year-old Robert Kocharian, on the contrary, is getting stronger and gaining significant allies in the last week before the elections. On June 18, he was supported by the former head of the General Staff of the country, Onik Gasparyan, who called on all military personnel to do the same. Prior to that, on June 14, former Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan joined Kocharyan. He was appointed to this position in 2016, and in May 2018, along with the third President SergeHe resigned as President of Armenia. Despite serving in the ousted president’s government,Karapetyan has maintained a reputation as a successful manager and technocrat. He was supposed to replace Sargsyan as president after the unrest began in 2018, but the authorities were late with the transit-as a result of mass protests, Sargasyan resigned as prime minister, the government was headed by Pashinyan.
Kocharyan enjoys the favor of Moscow & mdash; in April, just starting his campaign, he immediately recalled the presence of contacts with Russian President Vladimir Putin (their warm friendly relations were repeatedly mentioned by the Kremlin representative Dmitry Peskov). After that, he gave a dozen interviews to Russian media, mostly state-owned. In them, he emphasizes the lack of an alternative to Russia as Armenia’s main military ally,opposing himself to Nikol Pashinyan, who, in his opinion, is an anti-Russian candidate. “After the events of April 2018, the real relations with Russia somewhat outweighed, overshadowed and camouflaged the anti-Russian component of his sentiments, but now this is somehow beginning to manifest itself,” he said in a recent interview with RIA Novosti. Although Nikol Pashinyan at the rallies calls for deepening cooperation with Russia.
When asked why Moscow, Yerevan’s main ally, did not help stop the war earlier, Kocharyan replies that Russia did everything possible, but Pashinyan’s intractability is to blame. “It failed [to stop the war] for what reason? The Armenian side refused. <...> As far as I know, it could have been done (stop the hot phase.& mdash; RBC) literally in the first week of the outbreak of hostilities. Russia has made a proposal, and the Armenian side has consistently brought this process to a standstill. The Armenian authorities have brought the situation to war and put Russia in such an awkward position both as a mediator and, on the other hand, as a military and political ally, “he said in an interview with “Kommersant”.
“There is discontent in society [with Russia’s insufficient role]. The fact that it did not support the Armenians during the war in the way they wanted. But, on the other hand, it is clear that there is not much choice, and strategic cooperation with Russia today has no alternative. The Russian army, not the Armenian army, is now providing physical security for the residents of the Armenian partOf Nagorno-Karabakh, ” says Iskandaryan.Now it has simply become clear to the general public, and not just to experts, that the interests of Russia and Armenia do not coincide 100%. There are, of course, people who say that it is necessary to leave the CSTO and join NATO, to leave the EEU and join the EU. But these are not the forces that have any chance of entering parliament today.
What will happen after the election
The most important thing is not what will happen on June 20 on the day of voting, but what will happen on the next day and on June 22, Iskandaryan believes. He predicts that on the morning of June 21, both forces will declare their victory, given that they were going more or less smoothly before the vote on measurements, and will try to bring people to the streets. Kocharyan said that after the announcement of the results, street clashes may begin in Armenia. At the same time, he did not say at what result people will take to the streets,it will be his supporters or Nikola Pashinyan. But this will not happen if the CEC, the local election commissions conduct their work clearly, within the framework of the law, ” he added.
Stepan Danielyan believes that if Kocharyan wins, the supporters of the acting prime minister will be too demoralized for large-scale street actions. In this sense, he has less doubts about Kocharyan’s supporters-if there will be unrest, it will be in the case of Pashinyan’s re-election.
Correspondence from the personal mail of the head of the office of Prime Minister Dvorchik was leaked by a person from his entourage. There was no cyber attack. Earlier, Polish Prime Minister Morawiecki accused Russia of it
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki
There was no cyber attack on Poland, as a result of which the working and personal correspondence of the country’s top leaders leaked to the Network, and Russia has nothing to do with what happened. About it with reference to sources writes the newspaper Wyborcza.
On June 15, the head of the Office of the Prime Minister of Poland, Michal Dworczyk, announced the hacking of his email, his wife’s mailbox and social media accounts. We are talking about a personal email that was used for work purposes. As a result of the hacking, the correspondence between Dvorchik and his wife was leaked to Telegram channels.
Later, new correspondence leaked to the Internet, dating back to December last year, including with the country’s Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki. The head of the Polish government discussed with other senior officials the Christmas restrictions in connection with the coronavirus pandemic.
In connection with the incident, Moravetsky urgently called a closed session of the Seimas. Together with his deputy Jaroslaw Kaczynski, he accused Russia of leaking the data. According to the Prime Minister, the analysis conducted by the Polish special services proved that the hacking was carried out from the territory of Russia and was of a large-scale nature.
However, on June 18, sources of the publication reported that there was no “Russian trace” in the drain of Dvorchik and Moravetsky’s correspondence, as there was no cyber attack itself. According to the interlocutors of Wyborcza, the mail was hacked and leaked to the Network materials from there by a person from the inner circle of Dvorchik.
“This is a matter of the inner environment of the Yard. The motivation of the person who published the correspondence is now being investigated. Most likely, it was a conflict, and not necessarily on political grounds, ” a source told the newspaper. He said that such conclusions were made by the Internal Security Agency.
Another source told the newspaper that the discovery of the fact that members of the government use personal email for official purposes may lead to tougher information security rules.
At the end of May, Polish President Andrzej Duda called Russia an “abnormal aggressor country”, accusing Moscow of violating international law and unleashing wars.
In the State Duma, Duda’s words were called immoral and recalled the role of Soviet soldiers in the liberation of Poland from the fascist invaders. The official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, in response to the words of the president, said that Poland itself participated in armed conflicts, in particular, controlled one of the zones of Iraq divided by the war.
“The total number of Polish troops in this country from 2003 to 2005 was about 1,7 thousand troops, later it was increased, as far as I remember, to 2,4 thousand. In Iraq, Polish soldiers for several years killed not only Iraqis, but also comrades-in-arms, ” Zakharova noted.
Washington will withdraw eight Patriot installations, reduce the contingent of fighters. In total, hundreds of military personnel will leave the region. The White House explained that the troops are being redistributed in favor of threats from China and Russia
American Patriot anti-aircraft missile system
Washington has stepped up the withdrawal of US military forces from the Middle East. This is reported by the Wall Street Journal, citing sources in the presidential administration.
The newspaper’s interlocutors reported that the Pentagon is withdrawing eight batteries of Patriot missile systems from Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. In addition, the THAAD anti-missile system is being withdrawn from Saudi Arabia, and jet fighter squadrons are being reduced.
Hundreds of military personnel serving these systems will return to the United States. One of the sources of the publication said that the revision of the military presence in the region is due to the fact that the Biden administration intends to focus on the challenges from China and Russia.
Another WSJ source said that the withdrawal of troops from the Middle East means a return to a more traditional level of protection of the region. Under former President Donald Trump, the Pentagon actively deployed defense systems, aircraft, and support ships at sea there to put pressure on Iran.
Sources of the newspaper noted that the deployment of additional forces in the Middle East did not stop Iran. In addition, against the background of the renewed negotiations on a nuclear deal with Tehran under Joe Biden, the need for such a large contingent has disappeared. The presidential administration also noted that Riyadh has recently significantly improved its defense, so it no longer needs such significant support from Washington.
Another reason for the return of American units is the need for maintenance and repair due to frequent use during the years of stay in the Middle East. “What we are seeing is a reallocation of military resources in accordance with strategic priorities,” the WSJ source stressed.
He recalled that the United States maintains tens of thousands of troops in the region, including in Iraq and Syria. The presence in the Middle East is also maintained at the expense of the base in the Persian Gulf. In addition, some military personnel will be relocated to the Middle East from Afghanistan.
Biden instructed the Pentagon to begin a gradual withdrawal of military forces from the Middle East in early April. Then we were talking about three Patriot batteries, including those from Saudi Arabia. The American aircraft carrier Nimitz was supposed to leave the Persian Gulf, but it was left on combat duty.
Reducing the military presence in the Middle East was one of Biden’s campaign promises. In addition, he was also going to return the US to the nuclear deal with Iran. In recent months, both Washington and Tehran have announced progress on this issue.