Yerevan and Baku accused each other of violating the truce and shelling

The truce, established with the mediation of Russia, lasted less than a day. Yerevan and Baku once again declare mutual shelling

 Yerevan and Baku accused each other of violating the truce and shelling

The Armenian Defense Ministry said that the Azerbaijani Armed Forces violated the ceasefire regime at night and began shelling the positions of the Armenian forces. The Armenian military returned fire.

“On July 29, at about three o’clock in the morning, on the Gegharkunik section of the Armenian-Azerbaijani border in the direction of Karvachar, units of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, violating the ceasefire agreement reached the day before, again began shooting at Armenian positions,” the report says.

Azerbaijan makes counter-accusations and accuses Armenia of “gross violation” of the terms of the truce. “On July 29, from 02:45 to 03:40, units of the Armenian Armed Forces from positions in the direction of the village of Yukhary Shorja of Basarkechar district fired machine guns and grenade launchers at positions of the Azerbaijani army in the direction of the village of Zeylik of Kelbajar district. 10–12 F-1 hand grenades were also thrown towards our positions,— the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry reported.

A new escalation on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan occurred on July 28. Yerevan said that the Azerbaijani forces had started full-fledged military operations, and Baku reported shelling from the Armenian side. Yerevan reported three dead and four wounded. Baku reported two injured people.

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The truce was announced in the morning of the same day, an agreement on it was reached through the mediation of Russian peacekeepers. The situation on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border was the subject of an operational meeting of the Russian Security Council chaired by President Vladimir Putin, Presidential press Secretary Dmitry Peskov reported.

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Senators threatened to prevent appointments to the US Treasury Department because of Nord Strea

Republicans from the US Senate Banking Committee sent a letter to Minister Janet Yellen, in which they demanded to impose new sanctions against Nord Stream-2. The gas pipeline will “strengthen the harmful influence” of Russia, they believe

 Senators threatened to prevent appointments to the US Treasury Department because of Nord Strea

A group of US senators has threatened to block the approval of two candidates for positions in the US Treasury if President Joe Biden does not change his position on the Russian gas pipeline “Nord Stream-2” and does not impose new sanctions against the project. This is reported by Bloomberg with reference to a letter from Republican Pat Toomey and his 11 fellow party members from the Senate Banking Committee.

“The Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline directly harms the national security interests of the United States, our allies and partners,” says the message sent to Secretary Janet Yellen. According to lawmakers, if completed, the project will “strengthen the harmful influence of Vladimir Putin on Europe, destabilize the fragile security of Ukraine and will contribute to further Russian aggression”.

The senators insist that the restrictions be imposed under the CAATSA law (“On Countering America’s Adversaries through sanctions”). Otherwise, they intend to oppose the appointment of Brian Nelson and Elizabeth Rosenberg to the ministry. It is assumed that they will oversee the implementation of sanctions in the Ministry of Finance.

The ministry did not respond to the agency’s request.

It is not the first time that Republicans are trying to achieve the introduction of new sanctions against the pipeline, blocking the approval of candidates for various positions. In March, Ted Cruz said that he would interfere with the appointment of the head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), William Burns and First Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman, but in the end the Senate approved their candidacies. In early July, sources told NBC that Cruz is preventing the approval of 13 candidates for key positions in the State Department.

On July 21, the United States and Germany issued a joint statement on the gas pipeline, which allows Russia to complete it without additional sanctions against the project participants. In particular, it says that Germany will seek to extend the contract for the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine for another ten years after 2024, and Berlin and Washington will also help Kiev with the diversification of energy sources.

The deal caused discontent not only among Republicans, but also among Democrats, Bloomberg reports. In particular, the chairman of the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Bob Menendez, said that the agreement “does not meet” his expectations. “I still oppose the Nord Stream-2 pipeline, which will negatively affect the security of Ukraine and Europe,” he said.

The head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, Dmitry Kuleba, said that the deal between the United States and Germany does not solve the problem of Ukraine’s security. He noted that Kiev intends to put to the EU the question of how exactly Western countries see the implementation of the agreements reached by the United States and Germany.

The press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov,in turn, noted that the agreement between Berlin and Kiev to promote the extension of the agreement on the transit of Russian gas does not mention Moscow. “I do not know how to translate this into other languages, but in Russian it is “without me I was married”, ” he said. The Kremlin representative recalled that Moscow has repeatedly said that it is ready to discuss the extension of the gas transit agreement through Ukraine after 2024.

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The last member of the State Emergency Committee Oleg Baklanov died

Less than a month before the 30th anniversary of the coup attempt in 1991, the last of the participants of the State Emergency Committee, Oleg Baklanov, died. He was 89 years old

 The last member of the State Emergency Committee Oleg Baklanov died

Oleg Baklanov

At the age of 90, the last member of the State Committee for the State of Emergency (GKChP), the head of the rocket and space industry of the USSR and the curator of the shuttle project “Buran” Oleg Baklanov died. This was announced on Twitter by the head of “Roscosmos” Dmitry Rogozin.

“Oleg Dmitrievich Baklanov, who led our rocket and space industry and headed the Ministry of General Mechanical Engineering of the USSR, has passed away today. Oleg Dmitrievich was friends with my father, often visited our house. My sincere condolences to his family and friends!”raquo; & mdash; wrote Rogozin.

Baklanov was born in Kharkiv on March 17, 1932. He was the Minister of General Mechanical Engineering of the USSR, the first deputy chairman of the USSR Defense Council, secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Baklanov was elected a deputy of the Council of the Union of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the 11th convocation (1984 & ndash;1989), was a People’s Deputy of the USSR (1989 & ndash;1992), a Hero of Socialist Labor and a laureate of the Lenin Prize.

The GKCHP was a self-proclaimed body that existed for four days, from August 18 to August 21, 1991. It consisted of eight people:in addition to Baklanov, Vice-President of the USSR Gennady Yanaev, head of the KGB Vladimir Kryuchkov, Prime Minister Valentin Pavlov, Interior Minister Boris Pugo, Chairman of the Peasant Union Vasily Starodubtsev, President of the Association of State Enterprises and Industrial Facilities Alexander Tizyakov and Defense Minister Dmitry Yazov.

The members of the State Emergency Committee opposed the policy of Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, who sought to sign a new union treaty and transform the USSR into a confederate Union of Sovereign States. Gorbachev was isolated for three days at a dacha in Foros in the Crimea, troops, including tank units, were brought to Moscow.

The putschists were opposed by supporters of Boris Yeltsin, who became the first president of Russia after the collapse of the USSR. The center of the resistance was the White House-the current government building, which then had a parliament. The State Emergency Committee did not dare to storm this building, around which thousands of people gathered.

Criminal cases were initiated against the participants of the State Emergency Committee, but later all of them were amnestied by the State Duma.

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Roscosmos has offered to return its representatives to the boards of directors

Gthe corporation intends to do this according to the “golden share”. Before the liquidation, the Federal Space Agency had the right to sit on the boards of companies in the space industry. Earlier, the Cabinet of Ministers proposed to expand the use of” golden shares ”

 & laquo;Roscosmos & raquo; proposed to return its representatives to the boards of directors

“Roscosmos” wants to get the right to appoint its representatives to the boards of directors of rocket and space industry enterprises on “golden shares” on behalf of the state. The corresponding draft law, developed by the state corporation, is published on the portal of draft regulations.

“Roscosmos” proposes to amend the Federal Law “On the privatization of state and municipal property”. As noted in the explanatory note to the bill, its authors used to be representatives of the state under special law (“golden shares”) in the organizations of the rocket and space industry, employees of the Federal Space Agency were appointed, who were civil servants.

“Golden Share” is a mechanism of corporate law that allows the state to control the decisions of the boards of directors of commercial organizations regardless of the share. It allows you to transfer the right to veto changes in the charter, reorganization, changes in the authorized capital or transactions.

After the abolition of the Federal Space Agency in 2015 and the transfer of its functions to Roscosmos, the state corporation lost the opportunity to appoint its employees to the boards of directors of industry enterprises in respect of which Roscosmos ensures the implementation of a unified state policy, but is not a shareholder, or has a stake that does not allow it to have a significant influence on decisions made by companies.

The authors of the project referred to such enterprises as “Ipromashprom”, the Ural Institute of Industrial Enterprise Design, the Arsenal machine-building plant and the Moscow Machine-Building Plant “Vimpel”.

The explanatory note notes that the draft document was agreed with the Ministry of Finance and the Federal Property Management Agency, which supported its expediency.

Earlier in July, the government proposed to expand the use of “golden shares” and extend this mechanism not only to enterprises from the list of strategic ones, but also to those that are ” strategically important for observing national interests, ensuring national security and maintainingsustainable development of the state for the long term”.

In June, Roscosmos appointed Tatyana Andreeva-Yanskaya, a 34-year-old graduate of the General Staff Academy, as Dmitry Rogozin’s deputy for capital construction and curator of the Vostochny Cosmodrome.

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Zelensky replaced the head of the General Staff and the commander of the operation in the Donbass

DAfter that, the President of Ukraine replaced the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the head of the Foreign Intelligence Service and the deputy head of the SBU. Kiev explained the rotation in the army and special services by conflicts between the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces of Ukraine and new challenges

 Zelensky replaced the head of the General Staff and the commander of the operation in the Donbass

Vladimir Zelensky

President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky dismissed the head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, Sergei Korniychuk, and the commander of the Joint Forces Operation in the east of the country, Vladimir Kravchenko. This is reported by the press service of the head of state.

Major General Sergei Shaptala, who previously held the position of First Deputy Commander of the operational command “South” of the AFU Ground Forces, was appointed the new Chief of the General Staff.

Lieutenant-General Alexander Pavlyuk, who previously commanded the troops of the West group, took Kravchenko’s place.

In addition, the president removed Yevgeny Moisyuk, commander of the airborne assault troops of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, from his post. Zelensky explained the changes in the personnel composition by the modernization of the army and the need for the country to be ready for the most effective performance of combat tasks.

“After the rotations and the replacement of commanders and leaders both in the army and in the Ministry of Defense, I expect more systematic work and understanding by every soldier of our army of the prospects for the development of the armed forces as a whole,” Zelensky commented on the new appointments.

The day before, he replaced the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Valery Khomchak took the place of Ruslan Khomchak, who headed the AFU since March 2020. Previously, he commanded the troops of the operational command “North”.

“Vladimir Zelensky has no doubts about the patriotism, loyalty to the oath and professionalism of Khomchak, but the president wants to see synergy between the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces of Ukraine. We do not see such synergy, but we see conflicts, ” the presidential press secretary Sergey Nikiforov commented on the resignation.

In July, Zelensky dismissed several heads of the Ukrainian special services. Among others, the deputy head of the SBU Ruslan Baranetsky and the head of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine (SVR) Valery Kondratyuk left their posts.

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Biden met with Tikhanovskaya for the first time at the White House

Officially, the White House did not report what the US president and Tikhanovskaya were talking about. The leader of the Belarusian opposition said that she called on Biden to help the country with a non-violent transition to democracy

 Biden met with Tikhanovskaya for the first time in the White House

Svetlana Tikhanovskaya and Joe Biden

US President Joe Biden held a meeting with the leader of the Belarusian opposition and former presidential candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaya. This is stated in a message published on Twitter by the US president.

“It was an honor for me to meet with Tikhanovskaya at the White House this morning. The United States supports the people of Belarus in their quest for democracy and the triumph of human rights, ” the message says.

There was no official information about the meeting between Biden and Tikhanovskaya on the White House website at the time of preparing this material, it is also unknown what the politicians discussed.

Tikhanovskaya said in her Telegram channel that she ” called on President Biden to help us make Belarus a successful example of a non-violent transition to democracy.” According to her, the US president noted that the struggle between autocracy and democracy continues in the world.

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“As a mother of two children, I just hope that they will understand and forgive me for the fact that during these times their mother was not always there for them. No matter how much time and effort the path of Belarus to freedom requires, I am ready to go through it together with Belarusians. And I thank President Biden for supporting us on this path, ” Tikhanovskaya wrote and expressed confidence that all the fighters for freedom and democracy in Belarus will learn about this meeting.

The day before, Tikhanovskaya participated in negotiations with representatives of the American administration in the United States. Following the meeting, she expressed hope that Washington will impose sectoral sanctions against Belarus. At a meeting with representatives of the Belarusian diaspora, which took place after the negotiations, Tikhanovskaya said that it was about sectoral sanctions, but at such meetings it is difficult to get any promises.

“I really hope that in the near future the United States will respond to our meeting and sectoral sanctions will be imposed,” she said.

Tikhanovskaya was not a professional politician, her husband Sergey, an entrepreneur and a well-known blogger, was going to fight for the presidential post in 2020 in Belarus. He was not allowed to participate in the elections, now he is in prison in Belarus. After the arrest of her husband, Tikhanovskaya was nominated as a presidential candidate, the Belarusian CEC officially registered her and allowed her to participate in the elections.

Tikhanovskaya left Belarus in 2020 after the presidential election on August 9, which, according to the CEC, was won by the current president of the republic Alexander Lukashenko. Officially, Tikhanovskaya, as a participant in the presidential election, won the support of 10.09% of voters, and Lukashenko-80.08%. The headquarters of Tikhanovskaya announced falsifications during the counting of votes, according to the version of the oppositionist’s associates, it was she who won the elections.

After the elections, the opposition began to protest in Belarus, which did not agree with the results of the vote and demanded the resignation of Lukashenka and the holding of new elections. The protests lasted for several weeks and turned into violent clashes with security forces and mass detentions. Lukashenka accused Western countries of organizing the protests. Tikhanovskaya called her departure from Belarus an independent decision, and her confidant Olga Kovalkova said that Tikhanovskaya had no choice.

Western countries and the United States did not recognize the results of the elections in Belarus, but they also did not recognize the victory of Tikhanovskaya in them. Russia congratulated Lukashenka on his victory, Moscow has repeatedly stated that it considers interference in the affairs of a neighboring state unacceptable.

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“Mosgortrans” sued the trade union because of a letter to Zyuganov about vaccinations

In Mosgortrans considers the letter of the trade union to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, in which it was reported about mass suspensions and coercion to a medical experiment with vaccinations, to discredit the business reputation. The trade union regarded this as pressure

 & laquo;Mosgortrans & raquo; sued the trade union because of a letter to Zyuganov about vaccinations

The State Unitary Enterprise “Mosgortrans” filed a lawsuit in the Arbitration Court of Moscow against the Interregional Trade Union of Public Transport Workers, the chairman of the trade union Yuri Dashkov told RBC (RBC has a copy of the claim). The company demands from the trade union to refute information about the mass dismissal of employees from work due to refusal to be vaccinated and “forcing them to a medical experiment”.

The date of the court session has not yet been set.

The reason for filing the lawsuit was the publication by the trade union of a letter addressed to the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov. A copy of the letter was posted by the publication “Open Media”. In the appeal, the chairman of the trade union claimed that employees of the Moscow City Transport and the Moscow Metro were being forced to be vaccinated and illegally suspended from work due to refusal, and he called vaccination a “medical experience” and a “medical experiment”. The letter stated that the cases of suspension are of a mass nature and cause discontent in the teams.

The State Unitary Enterprise “Mosgortrans” asked to recognize four fragments of the letter as defamatory. In particular, “we express our dissatisfaction with the illegal act of forcing medical experiments”, “because of the refusal of medical experiments, a tram driver was illegally suspended from work by order No. “hellip; Such cases are of a mass nature”. In addition, the company insists that the trade union withdraw the letter to Gennady Zyuganov.

RBC has contacted the State Unitary Enterprise “Mosgortrans” and the press service of the Communist Party for comment.

The requirement to carry out vaccination is not a violation of the current legislation, but is aimed at implementing the decision of the chief sanitary doctor for the city of Moscow, Mosgortrans points out in the lawsuit. The company notes that the trade union did not request a comment from “Mosgortrans”, which indicates a desire for “obvious sensationalism”.

“The information in the letter is contained in an imperative and negative form and was not checked by the defendant in any way, it is obvious that the main purpose of the defendant was to spread negative information about the public transport company,” the lawsuit says. In addition, a copy of the letter is posted on the website, which can be visited by an unlimited number of people. This, according to the company, highlights the fact of the dissemination of defamatory information.

Dashkov told RBC that he considers the lawsuit “pressure on the independent trade union”. According to him, now the trade union is preparing objections, and also plans to hold an action demanding that the pressure stop. “We don’t believe in the court, but we will fight them off,” he said.

Earlier, the Interregional Trade Union of Public Transport Workers reported to RBC about 60 complaints received about suspension from work due to refusal to be vaccinated. According to Dashkov, employees are suspended without pay and for an indefinite period of “epidemiological distress”. He noted that before the suspension of employees, they were first asked to sign an obligation on vaccination in the annex to the employment contract. The trade union announced its intention to appeal the suspensions in court.

Moscow introduced mandatory vaccination on June 16. Employers in the fields of trade and services must vaccinate at least 60% of employees with the first dose by July 15, and the second dose by August 15. Later, the capital’s Rospotrebnadzor extended the deadline for submitting information about vaccination of 60% of employees of enterprises until July 22.

At the end of June, Rostrud explained that the suspension of citizens from work due to refusal to get vaccinated against COVID-19 may be legal. As noted in the department, the Labor Code provides for the suspension of an employee if he violated the federal law, in particular, the law on the Immunoprophylaxis of Infectious Diseases. At the same time, dismissal for refusing vaccination is not provided for in Russian labor legislation, said the head of the Ministry of Labor Anton Kotyakov.

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A new escalation has occurred on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan

Eexperts explain the military incidents in the region by the desire of the parties to strengthen their negotiating positions, the last battles on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan were stopped only after the intervention of Russia. Experts explain the escalation of the situation by the pressure of Baku and the intention of the United States and France to become mediators in the negotiations

A new escalation has occurred on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan

Why did Russia have to intervene again

At about four o’clock in the morning on July 28, the Armenian and Azerbaijani military entered into close fire contact on the border of the Gegharkunik region of Armenia, Yerevan reported. According to Baku, the escalation began even earlier – with the fact that at one o’clock in the morning the Armenian side fired at Azerbaijani positions in the neighboring Kelbajar district.

According to the Armenian defense Ministry, full-fledged military operations with offensives and counter-offensives took place on Wednesday. The battle lasted for several hours, before the announcement of a truce at ten in the morning local time (9:00 Moscow time). It took place thanks to the intervention of Russia, Yerevan and Baku said. “With the mediation of the command of the Russian peacekeeping forces, an agreement was reached on the resumption ofThe ceasefire regime on the Armenian-Azerbaijani line of contact”, ” the statement of the Armenian Defense Ministry says. A similar message was distributed by the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry. The situation on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border was the subject of an operational meeting of the Russian Security Council chaired by President Vladimir Putin, his press secretary Dmitry Peskov said.

Yerevan reported three dead and four wounded. Baku reported two injured people.

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Gegharkunik region is one of the problematic areas on the new Armenian-Azerbaijani border, since before the second Karabakh war it was adjacent to the Kelbajar district of Nagorno-Karabakh controlled by Yerevan and had no border infrastructure.

In the last two months, such incidents have been happening regularly. On July 14, an Armenian serviceman was killed in a shootout near the village of Yeraskh on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijani Nakhichevan, although the situation there, apart from the incident with the downed Russian helicopter last fall, was relatively calm even during the war. On July 19, shootings resumed in this area, and since then almost a day has not passed without new ones. In May, the parties repeatedly opened fire on one of the border sections in the Armenian Syunik region. Armenia then turned to the CSTO for consultations.

The second Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan lasted 44 days and ended on November 9, 2020 as a result of a trilateral agreement. It was signed by Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Russian President Vladimir Putin. The Armenian side pledged to transfer a significant part of Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan, and Russian peacekeepers were introduced into the region.

In the next three years, a plan should be defined for creating a new route along the Lachin corridor, providing a link between Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia. All economic and transport links in the region should be unblocked. Armenia has pledged to ensure the security of communication between the western regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.

What can explain the increase in tension

Due to the fighting on the border, Armenian President Armen Sargsyan interrupted his visit to Tokyo and returned to Yerevan. A call was made from Baku to start negotiations on the delimitation of the Azerbaijani-Armenian border. “We call on Armenia to accept the new regional realities, stop military provocations and start negotiations on the delimitation of borders,” Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Leyla Abdullayeva wrote on Twitter.

Sergey Markedonov, a leading researcher at the MGIMO Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, in an interview with Sputnik, drew attention to the fact that the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has never been limited to the ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh, there were other theaters of military operations on the border. The situation is complicated by the fact that the new border that appeared after the last war has not been delimited and demarcated, he continues.

Armenia actually lost the war, so the conditions are now dictated by Azerbaijan, and the latest incidents can be considered as an element of pressure from Baku, the expert believes. One of the assumptions explaining this pressure is that Azerbaijan wants to encourage Armenia to open transport corridors, which is perceived by the Armenian side as a dangerous matter, Markedonov believes.

The opinion that the incidents that have been going on for three months are part of the strategy of pressure on Armenia from Azerbaijan is shared by the Armenian political scientist Alexander Iskandaryan. The elements of this strategy are also constant instructions from Baku to solve the “Karabakh problem”, although Armenia believes that the status of the territory should be determined at negotiations in the future, as well as the retention of captured Armenians in Azerbaijan, Iskandaryan commented to RBC. In his opinion, the goal of this strategy is to unblock the transport corridor in the south of Armenia (from Azerbaijanthrough the territory of Armenia to Nakhichevan and further to Turkey), as well as the signing of a peace treaty with formulations acceptable to the Azerbaijani society. The expert does not expect that this pressure can again escalate into full-scale hostilities, but a low-intensity conflict can be maintained. Iskandaryan insists that it is wrong to call what is happening delimitation and demarcation, since usually such processes first take place at the negotiating table, where the parties discuss acceptable options, and only then the border infrastructure is built.

Some experts interviewed by RBC linked the escalation of tension with the interest of Western countries, primarily France and the United States, in returning to the negotiation process, in which Russia is now the main mediator. After the last parliamentary elections in Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan renewed his mandate, but unexpectedly for many, instead of implementing agreements with Azerbaijan and Russia, he toughened his position. This happened against the background of activationAccording to Stanislav Pritchin, a senior researcher at the Center for Post-Soviet Studies of the IMEMO RAS, Paris and Washington, which could return to the number of active mediators with a further increase in tension. The support of the United States and France helped Pashinyan to strengthen his negotiating positions. According to Pritchin, Azerbaijan is now less interested in escalating tensions, and it is in its interests to implement the provisions on unblocking transport corridors.

Azerbaijani political scientist, expert of the international discussion club “Valdai” Farhad Mammadov noted that in the first months the process of determining the border was carried out in a regular mode, and the most difficult sections near the city of Gafan (Kapan in the Armenian version) were determined in an agreed manner, but as the deadline for the implementation of the trilateral agreements approached, the internal political crisis was growing in Armenia, which lasted until the June parliamentary elections. During this time, the expert continues, they have developed their own attitude to the situation.the US administration and France, now their goal is to exclude Russia’s monopoly on the settlement of the conflict and restore its active role in this process. Mammadov’s opinion is confirmed by the fact that the maps of the minefields, in exchange for which Baku was ready to return several prisoners to Armenia, were handed over by Yerevan in June through the mediation of the US State Department and the government of Georgia, and not by Russia, and the EU announced the allocation of 2.6 billion euros to Yerevan shortly after the elections in Armenia.

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The Federal Penitentiary Service named the number of persons under investigation with the right to vote

Andmore than 100 thousand citizens who are in places of forced detention have the right to vote. 300 polling stations will be organized for them, the observers will be members of the PMC

 The FSIN named the number of persons under investigation with the right to vote

About 100 thousand people who are in places of forced detention have the right to vote in the State Duma elections in September. This was told by the first deputy head of the Department of educational, social and psychological work of the Federal Penitentiary Service Vyacheslav Tretyakov at a meeting of the Public Chamber.

“At the moment, there are about 100 thousand people who will participate in the elections, and to whom the Federal Penitentiary Service will be obliged to provide the opportunity to exercise the right to vote,” he noted.

According to Tretyakov, 79,978 people who have the right to vote are currently in jail: by September, the figure may change, so we are talking “approximately” about 80 thousand people, he added. In relation to another 7.5 thousand people, a preventive measure was chosen in the form of house arrest, 3.7 thousand persons under investigation are banned from certain actions, 58 people are on bail.

People who have been sentenced to restriction of freedom also have the right to vote in elections: according to the Federal Penitentiary Service, this is more than 37 thousand people. They, together with those who have been chosen a measure in the form of a ban on certain actions or a pledge, can vote at the polling stations at the place of registration, Tretyakov said. It is expected that about 15 thousand people will cast their votes in correctional centers where they are serving sentences for forced labor.

The Federal Penitentiary Service will provide voting from September 17 to 19, but in small pre-trial detention centers, the administration will not artificially delay this time for three days. “If the isolators are large, for example, “Crosses”in St. Petersburg, then, accordingly, everyone there will not have time to vote physically during the day (in compliance with epidemiological requirements. & mdash;RBC), and within three days it is real, ” Tretyakov said at the meeting.

It is planned to organize 300 polling stations for the voting of suspects and accused, more than half of which will be formed directly in the institutions of the penal enforcement system, Tretyakov said at the meeting. At the presidential elections in 2018, there were 350 such polling stations, 148 of them were located on the territories of the pre-trial detention center; at the all-Russian vote on the Constitution, there were 303, 135 polling stations directly in the institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service.

Members of the PMC will be able to work as observers of the voting process in places of forced detention, said Maxim Grigoriev, chairman of the coordinating Council for public monitoring of voting at the Public Chamber. According to him, they will be given a special observer status.

Usually, voting takes place in the conference rooms of the pre-trial detention center, Eva Merkacheva, a member of the Moscow PMC, told RBC. According to her, the observation at the polling stations in the institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service does not differ much from ordinary polling stations, the exception is that citizens are brought from the cells to vote one by one. The potential problem of voting in a pre-trial detention center is related tothe turnout and the possibility of forcing the accused to vote, Merkacheva noted. “There were moments, not in the past, not in the elections before last, when they went into the cameras and said:” I have to vote, and that’s it.” And if you don’t, then sanctions will begin, they won’t take you out for a walk, and so on. It is a right to vote, but not an obligation, ” she noted.

Observers from political parties are allowed in the pre-trial detention center, often the FSIN also invites journalists to cover the vote, said Georgy Ivanov, a member of the Moscow PMC. He added that a significant number of foreign citizens are being held in Moscow pre-trial detention centers, so not all prisoners under arrest take part in the votingthe guard. Ivanov added that the voting can take place in parallel in several buildings of the pre-trial detention center, so it is important in this case to provide all the ballot boxes with observers or journalists. “In general, I think, taking into account the admission of observers and the media, the possibilities for falsifications are not much higher than at a regular election site,” he said.

In the presidential elections in 2018, more than 75 thousand people voted in places of forced detention. As of January 31, 2020, 519.6 thousand people were in Russian places of detention.

In September, elections to the State Duma of the eighth convocation will be held. A total of 450 deputies will be elected, of which 225 will be elected on party lists, and another 225 will be elected in single-mandate districts. In seven Russian regions, voting in the September elections will be held online. Residents of Moscow, Sevastopol, Kursk, Murmansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov and Yaroslavl regions will be able to vote remotely. At the same time, elections to the regional parliament will be held in 39 regions of the Russian Federation, and residents will choose governors in 11 regions.

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A case was opened against the political scientist for defamation of a veteran from the Navalny case

A criminal case against political scientist Fyodor Krasheninnikov was initiated in Yekaterinburg at the place of his registration. The reason for the case was his comments on the accusation of Alexey Navalny of slandering veteran Ignat Artemenko

A case was opened against a political scientist for defamation of a veteran from the Navalny case

Fyodor Krasheninnikov

Yekaterinburg police have opened a criminal case of defamation against political scientist Fyodor Krasheninnikov. This was announced by Krasheninnikov himself in his Telegram channel.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs saw signs of a crime under Part 2 of Article 128.1 of the Criminal Code in Krasheninnikov’s statements to the Great Patriotic War veteran Ignat Artemenko.

This is the same veteran, of whom Alexey Navalny was found guilty of slander on February 20. The court sentenced the oppositionist to a fine of 850 thousand rubles.

In an interview with RBC, Krasheninnikov confirmed the information about the initiation of a criminal case. “Investigators on particularly important cases and interrogators clearly have nothing to occupy themselves with,” he commented.

As follows from the copy of the resolution published by Krasheninnikov, the case was initiated on July 23, the reason for it was the publication of the political scientist in his Telegram channel ” Telegram F. Krasheninnikova». According to the political scientist, he now lives in Lithuania.

He also said that the police had already come to the place of his registration, where his parents live.

RBC sent requests to the press services of the regional GU of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the regional SU of the TFR.

In his post, Krasheninnikov noted that he had not been to Russia since August 9 last year, “so there can be no traces of my alleged February criminal activity in Russia, even theoretically,” so I really hope that my parents will be left alone.” “Article 128.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation threatens me with a fine in the worst case, although there is also an arrest. But since I have no criminal convictions, this measure is not applicable to me at all.& mdash; wrote a political scientist. According to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Part 2 of Article 128.1 involves punishment up to imprisonment for up to two years.

Krasheninnikov became the first person arrested under the article on disrespect for the authorities. He was detained in July 2020. The reason was a repost in the Telegram channel of the news that President Vladimir Putin asked the Constitutional Court to clarify the possibility of zeroing presidential terms. The political scientist commented on this message, giving an assessment to the judges. Resultslinguistic expertise conducted by law enforcement agencies showed that Krasheninnikov’s post contains a humiliating and offensive statement.

The court arrested Krasheninnikov for seven days. He himself considered his case political and appealed the arrest to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).

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Источник rbc.ru